Patriarch of Lisbon

The Patriarch of Lisbon (Latin: Patriarcha Olisiponensis, Portuguese: Patriarca de Lisboa), also called the Cardinal-Patriarch of Lisbon once he has been made cardinal, is the ordinary bishop of the Roman Catholic Archdiocese of Lisbon. He is one of the few patriarchs in the Latin Church of the Catholic Church, along with the Patriarchs of Venice, the East Indies, and Jerusalem.

Patriarch of Lisbon

Patriarcha Olisiponensis

Patriarca de Lisboa
Coat of arms
Cardinal-Patriarch Manuel III of Lisbon
Ecclesiastical provincePatriarchate of Lisbon
First holderTomás de Almeida
DioceseArchdiocese of Lisbon
CathedralPatriarchal Cathedral of St. Mary Major

The diocese of Lisbon was created in the 4th century, but it lay vacant after 716 when the city was captured by the Moors; the diocese was restored when the city was captured by king Afonso I of Portugal during the Second Crusade in 1147. In 1393, Lisbon was raised to the dignity of a metropolitan archdiocese by Pope Boniface IX with the papal bull In eminentissimae dignitatis.[1] In 1716, at the request of King John V, Pope Clement XI issued the bull In Supremo Apostolatus Solio granting the rank of Patriarch to the King's Chaplain, who had since been made Archbishop of West Lisbon.

The bull Inter praecipuas apostolici ministerii, issued by Pope Clement XII in 1737, established that whoever was appointed Patriarch of Lisbon was to be elevated to the rank of cardinal at the next consistory.[2] Lisbon is the only episcopal see to enjoy this distinction, while other patriarchs are made cardinals by custom only.