Patrol of Waddan

The Patrol of al-Abwa or Waddan[1] occurred on the 12th of Rajab in the second Hijri year[1] or in Safar of the same year.[2] Muhammad took a force of 70 men and when he reached Waddan, the Quraysh were not present. However, the Banu Damrah met with Muhammad and they established a peace agreement for mutual cooperation and safety.[1][2] No fighting occurred during this campaign.[1][2][3]

Patrol of al-Abwa or Waddan
Date12th Rajab 2 AH
30th Dec 623 AD
Waddan, Saudi Arabia

No military engagement

Muslims of Medina Quraysh of Mecca
Commanders and leaders
Muhammad -
70 soldiers 100 traders of a caravan
Casualties and losses
0 0


After Muhammad and his followers had migrated to Medina in 622, the Muslims attacked several of the Quraysh's caravans traveling from Syria to Mecca. During the patrol to Waddan, a Muslim force sought one of the Quraysh's caravans, but was unable to engage with it. The expedition encountered a group of men from the Banu Damrah clan of the Banu Kinanah tribe in the area, and negotiations between the two camps began. A pact of friendship between the Muslims and the Banu Damrah was then produced.[3]

According to Muslim scholar Muhammad al-Zurqani, the treaty read:

"This document is from Muhammad, the Messenger of Allah, concerning the Banu Damrah in which [Muhammad] establishes for them safety and security in their wealth and lives. They can expect support from the Muslims unless they oppose the religion of Allah. They are also expected to respond positively if the Prophet seeks their help."[2]

The treaty meant that both parties were forbidden from raiding each other, joining confederations hostile to one another, or supporting each other's enemies. William Montgomery Watt saw this as a deliberate attempt by Muhammad to provoke the Meccans.[4]

See also


  1. Afzalur Rahman (1993), Muhammad As a Military Leader, Kazi Publications, p. 119, ISBN 9781567441468
  2. Safiurahman Al-Mubaraki (1996), The Sealed Nectar, Dar-us-Salam, p. 203, ISBN 9781484974858
  3. Muhammad Husayn Haykal (May 1994), The Life of Muhammad, Islamic Book Trust, p. 195, 217, ISBN 978-983-9154-17-7
  4. Watt, W. Montgomery (1956). Muhammad at Medina. Oxford University Press. p. 4. ISBN 978-0-19-577307-1. (free online)
Preceded by
Kharrar raid
Expeditions of Muhammad Succeeded by
Patrol of Buwat