Pavia (UK: /ˈpɑːviə/,[3] US: /pəˈvə/,[4] Italian: [paˈviːa] (listen), Lombard: [pɐ'ʋi:ɐ]; Latin: Ticinum; Medieval Latin: Papia) is a town and comune of south-western Lombardy in northern Italy, 35 kilometres (22 miles) south of Milan on the lower Ticino river near its confluence with the Po. It has a population of c. 73,086.[5] The city was the capital of the Kingdom of the Lombards from 572 to 774.

Città di Pavia
Top left: Corso Strada Nuova (Pavia New Avenue), main shopping area in Pavia, Top right: Veduta laterale del Castello Visconteo (Pavia Visconti Castle), Bottom left: A view of the city's Cathedral from the Piazza della Vittoria (Vittoria Square), Bottom Upper right: Fiume Ticino, Bottom lower right: Ponte Coperto (Coperto Bridge) and Ticino River
Pavia within the Province of Pavia
Location of Pavia
Location of Pavia in Lombardy
Pavia (Lombardy)
Coordinates: 45°11′06″N 09°09′15″E
ProvincePavia (PV)
FrazioniCa' della Terra, Cantone Tre Miglia, Cassinino, Cittadella, Fossarmato, Mirabello, Montebellino, Pantaleona, Prado, Scarpone, Villalunga
  MayorFabrizio Fracassi (LN)
  Total62 km2 (24 sq mi)
77 m (253 ft)
 (30 November 2016)[2]
  Density1,200/km2 (3,100/sq mi)
Time zoneUTC+1 (CET)
  Summer (DST)UTC+2 (CEST)
Postal code
Dialing code+39 0382
ISTAT code018110
Patron saintSyrus of Pavia, Augustin

Pavia is the capital of the fertile province of Pavia, which is known for a variety of agricultural products, including wine, rice, cereals, and dairy products. Although there are a number of industries located in the suburbs, these tend not to disturb the peaceful atmosphere of the town. It is home to the ancient University of Pavia (founded in 1361), which together with the IUSS (Institute for Advanced Studies of Pavia), Ghislieri College, Borromeo College, Nuovo College, Santa Caterina College, and the Istituto per il Diritto allo Studio (EDiSU), belongs to the Pavia Study System. Pavia is the episcopal seat of the Roman Catholic Bishop of Pavia. The city possesses many artistic and cultural treasures, including several important churches and museums, such as the well-known Certosa di Pavia.

The Central Hospital of Pavia -- Policlinico San Matteo -- is one of the most important hospitals in Italy.