Pembrokeshire

Pembrokeshire (/ˈpɛmbrʊkʃɪər, -ʃər/ PEM-bruuk-sheer, -shər; Welsh: Sir Benfro [siːr ˈbɛnvrɔ]) is a county in the southwest of Wales. It is bordered by Carmarthenshire to the east, Ceredigion to the northeast, and the sea[note 1] everywhere else.

Pembrokeshire
Sir Benfro
Pembrokeshire's location in Wales
Sovereign stateUnited Kingdom
CountryWales
Preserved countyDyfed
Admin HQHaverfordwest
Largest townHaverfordwest
Government
  TypePembrokeshire County Council
  ControlIndependent
  MPs
  MSs
Area
  Total610 sq mi (1,590 km2)
Area rank5th largest Welsh county
Population
 (2017)
  Total125,818
  RankRanked 13th in Wales[1]
  Density200/sq mi (77/km2)
  Density rank19th
  Ethnicity
99.2% White
Welsh language
  RankRanked 8th
  Any skills29.4%
Geocode00NS (ONS)
W06000009 (GSS)
ISO 3166 codeGB-PEM

The county is home to Pembrokeshire Coast National Park, the only national park in the United Kingdom established primarily because of the coastline; the Park occupies more than a third of the area of the county and includes the Preseli Hills in the north as well as the 190-mile (310 km) Pembrokeshire Coast Path.

Historically, mining and fishing were important activities, while industry nowadays is focused on agriculture (86 per cent of land use), oil and gas, and tourism; Pembrokeshire's beaches have won many awards. The county has a diverse geography with a wide range of geological features, habitats and wildlife. Its prehistory and modern history have been extensively studied, from tribal occupation, through Roman times, to Welsh, Irish, Norman, English, Scandinavian and Flemish influences.

Pembrokeshire County Council's headquarters are in the county town of Haverfordwest. The council has a majority of Independent members, but the county's representatives in both the Senedd and UK Parliament are Conservative. Pembrokeshire's population was 122,439 at the 2011 census, an increase of 7.2 per cent from the 2001 figure of 114,131. Ethnically, the county is 99 per cent white and, for historical reasons, Welsh is more widely spoken in the north of the county than in the south.