Peninsula


A peninsula (Latin: paeninsula from paene 'almost' and insula 'island') is a landform surrounded by water on most of its border while being connected to a mainland from which it extends.[1][2][3][4] The surrounding water is usually understood to be continuous, though not necessarily named as a single body of water. Peninsulas are not always named as such; one can also be referred to as a headland, cape, island promontory, bill, point, fork, or spit.[5] A point is generally considered a tapering piece of land projecting into a body of water that is less prominent than a cape.[6] A river which courses through a very tight meander is also sometimes said to form a "peninsula" within the (almost closed) loop of water. In English, the plural versions of peninsula are peninsulas and, less commonly, peninsulae.

Florida, an example of a peninsula, photo taken during STS-95
The Fennoscandian Peninsula in March 2002, photo taken by Spectroradiometer (MODIS), flying aboard NASA's Terra satellite

Manifestations


One form of the peninsula is the headland[7] and the particularly narrow spit[8] that has been washed up . If a peninsula is located in an inland body of water (lake, river) it is also referred to as an "inland peninsula".

Notable peninsulas


Europe

Africa

Asia

Australia

Americas

Antarctica

See also


References


  1. Word Histories and Mysteries: From Abracadabra to Zeus. Houghton Mifflin Harcourt. 2004. p. 216. ISBN 978-0547350271. OCLC 55746553.
  2. "pen·in·su·la". American Heritage Dictionary of the English Language. Houghton Mifflin Harcourt. 2016. Retrieved 1 May 2016.
  3. "Definition of peninsula". Cambridge Dictionaries Online. Cambridge University Press. Retrieved 1 May 2016.
  4. "Definition of peninsula". Merriam-Webster Dictionary. Retrieved 1 May 2016.
  5. "List of peninsulas". Encyclopædia Britannica. 2016. Retrieved 1 May 2016.
  6. "Fourah Point / Fourah Point, Northern, Sierra Leone, Africa". travelingluck.com. Retrieved 16 March 2018.
  7. "Headland Landforms". Retrieved 2021-03-13.
  8. heart; Working, When He Is Not; Life, He Is Probably Exploring the Secrets of (2019-06-07). "What is a Spit Landform in Geography? How are Spits Formed and 7 Most Famous Spits on Our Planet". Earth Eclipse. Retrieved 2021-03-13.