Pennsylvania Station (New York City)

Pennsylvania Station, also known as New York Penn Station or simply Penn Station, is the main intercity railroad station in New York City and the busiest transportation facility of any kind in the Western Hemisphere, serving more than 600,000 passengers per weekday as of 2019.[5][6][lower-alpha 1] It is located in Midtown Manhattan, beneath Madison Square Garden in the block bounded by Seventh and Eighth Avenues and 31st and 33rd Streets, and in the James A. Farley Building, with additional exits to nearby streets. It is close to Herald Square, the Empire State Building, Koreatown, and Macy's Herald Square.

Pennsylvania Station
New York, NY
Amtrak inter-city rail station
Long Island Rail Road commuter rail terminal
NJ Transit commuter rail terminal
Moynihan Train Hall in January 2021
LocationBounded by 7th & 9th Avenues and 31st & 33rd Streets
(under Madison Square Garden and in James A. Farley Building)
Manhattan, New York City
Owned byAmtrak
Line(s)Northeast Corridor, Empire Corridor
Platforms11 island platforms
Tracks21
Connections
New York City Subway:
at 34th Street–Penn Station (7th Avenue)
at 34th Street–Penn Station (8th Avenue)
PATH: JSQ–33, HOB–33, JSQ–33 (via HOB) (at 33rd Street)
MTA New York City Bus: M7, M20, M34 SBS, M34A SBS, Q32
Academy Bus: SIM23, SIM24
Columbia Transportation(Operated by Academy Bus): Brooklyn Commuter Route, Manhattan Commuter Route
Flixbus: Eastern Shuttle
Vamoose Bus
Construction
Disabled accessYes
Other information
Station codeAmtrak: NYP
IATA: ZYP
Fare zoneZone 1 (LIRR)
Zone 1 (NJ Transit)
History
Opened1910
Rebuilt1963–1968
Electrifiedyes, all tracks
Passengers
201727,296,100 annually[1][2] (NJT)
201710,397,729 annually[3] (Amtrak)
201769,722,560 annually; based on average arrivals and departures[4] (LIRR)
Services
Preceding station Amtrak Following station
Newark Penn Acela
weekdays
Stamford
Acela
weekends
New Rochelle
Vermonter Stamford
toward St. Albans
Newark Penn Northeast Regional New Rochelle
Yonkers
toward Montreal
Adirondack Terminus
Newark Penn
toward Chicago
Cardinal
Newark Penn
toward Charlotte
Carolinian
Newark Penn Crescent
Yonkers Empire Service
Yonkers
toward Rutland
Ethan Allen Express
Newark Penn
toward Harrisburg
Keystone Service
Croton–Harmon
toward Chicago
Lake Shore Limited
Yonkers Maple Leaf
Newark Penn
toward Pittsburgh
Pennsylvanian
Newark Penn
toward Savannah
Palmetto
Newark Penn
toward Miami
Silver Meteor
Silver Star
Preceding station LIRR Following station
Terminus Port Washington Branch Woodside
Hempstead Branch
limited service
Woodside
towards Hempstead
Port Jefferson Branch Woodside
Oyster Bay Branch
limited service
Jamaica
towards Oyster Bay
Ronkonkoma Branch Woodside
towards Greenport via Ronkonkoma
Montauk Branch
limited service
Jamaica
towards Montauk
West Hempstead Branch
limited service
Woodside
Babylon Branch Woodside
towards Babylon
Long Beach Branch Woodside
towards Long Beach
Far Rockaway Branch
limited service
Woodside
towards Far Rockaway
Preceding station NJ Transit Following station
Secaucus Junction
toward Trenton
Northeast Corridor Line Terminus
Secaucus Junction
toward Bay Head
North Jersey Coast Line
Secaucus Junction Montclair-Boonton Line
weekdays
Morristown Line
Secaucus Junction Raritan Valley Line
limited service
Secaucus Junction
toward Gladstone
Gladstone Branch
limited service
Former services
Preceding station Amtrak Following station
Terminus Cape Codder
1986–1996
Stamford
toward Hyannis
Newark Penn
toward Tri-State
Hilltopper
1978–1979
Stamford
Newark Penn Metroliner
1971–2006
Terminus
Montrealer
1972–1995
Rye
toward Montreal
Newark Penn National Limited
1971–1979
Terminus
Newark Penn
toward Chicago
Broadway Limited
Until 1995
Three Rivers
1995–2005
Newark Penn National Limited
Preceding station NJ Transit Following station
Newark Penn Station Atlantic City Express Service Terminus
Interactive map
Coordinates40°45′2″N 73°59′38″W

Penn Station has 21 tracks fed by seven tunnels (the two North River Tunnels, the four East River Tunnels, and the single Empire Connection tunnel). It is at the center of the Northeast Corridor, a passenger rail line that connects New York City with Boston, Philadelphia, Washington, D.C., and intermediate points. Intercity trains are operated by Amtrak, which owns the station, while commuter rail services are operated by the Long Island Rail Road (LIRR) and NJ Transit (NJT). Connections are available within the complex to the New York City Subway, and buses.

Penn Station is named for the Pennsylvania Railroad (PRR), its builder and original owner, and shares its name with several stations in other cities. The current facility is the remodeled underground remnant of the original Pennsylvania Station, a more ornate station building designed by McKim, Mead, and White and considered a masterpiece of the Beaux-Arts style. Completed in 1910, it enabled direct rail access to New York City from the south for the first time. Its head house was torn down in 1963, galvanizing the modern historic preservation movement.[7] The rest of the station was rebuilt in the following six years, while retaining most of the rail infrastructure from the original station.

A new direct entrance from 33rd Street to the LIRR concourse opened in December 2020,[8] and Moynihan Train Hall, an expansion of Penn Station into a mixed-use redevelopment of the adjacent Farley Post Office building, opened in January 2021.[9] Future plans for Penn Station include further expansion of the LIRR concourse,[10] the construction of additional railway platforms in a new southern annex to accommodate two proposed Gateway Program tunnels across the Hudson River,[11] and renovation of the core Penn Station under Madison Square Garden.[12]


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