People's Movement Party
|General Secretary||Cornel Cătălin Bulf|
|Honorary President||Traian Băsescu|
|Founded||29 January 2014|
|Split from||Democratic Liberal Party (PDL)|
|Headquarters||Strada Iorga nr. 11, Sector 1, Bucharest|
|Youth wing||People's Movement Youth Organization (OT MP)|
|Women's wing||MP Women's Organization|
|European affiliation||European People's Party|
|International affiliation||Centrist Democrat International|
|European Parliament group||European People's Party|
|Associated organisations||National Unity Party (Moldova)|
0 / 136
|Chamber of Deputies|
0 / 330
2 / 33
48 / 3,176
65 / 1,340
|Local Council Councilors|
2,150 / 39,900
The PMP was created as a political foundation in March, 2013 by supporters of then incumbent state president Traian Băsescu, following his break with the leadership of the Democratic Liberal Party (PDL) around former Senate president Vasile Blaga. It was transformed into a political party in July, 2013 and re-launched on 29 January, 2014.
The PMP identifies itself as Christian democratic and liberal. The new party's chairman after June 2014 was former minister of regional development and tourism and Băsescu's confidante Elena Udrea. Other notable members include former culture minister Theodor Paleologu, former foreign minister Teodor Baconschi, former minister of education Daniel Funeriu, member of European Parliament (MEP) Cristian Preda, Băsescu's daughter and MEP Elena Băsescu. and former Foreign Minister and head of the presidential administration Cristian Diaconescu.
In the 2014 European election, the party won 6.2% of the votes and two of Romania's 32 seats. Its members of the European Parliament Siegfried Mureșan and Cristian Preda joined the European People's Party Group (EPP), although Preda has since been expelled from the party. On 12 September 2014, the PMP was admitted as a full member to the European People's Party.
For the November 2014 presidential election, the PMP nominated Elena Udrea. She was also endorsed by the Christian Democratic National Peasants' Party (PNȚCD). With 5.2% of the popular vote, she was placed fourth and did not qualify for the second round. The party asked its voters to support Klaus Iohannis of the National Liberal Party (PNL) in the runoff election.
On 12 July 2016, Traian Băsescu announced that the National Union for the Progress of Romania (UNPR) would merge with PMP on 20 July 2016. Subsequently, the union between the two parties failed and PMP lost several representatives both in the Senate and in the Chamber of Deputies.
In the 2020 legislative election, due to poor presence at the polling stations (33.30%) caused by the coronavirus pandemic, the party failed to earn 5% of the public vote and thereby failed to enter parliament. The episode was controversial to say at least as the party was very close to the threshold and had 0 votes in several polling stations in which they had party representatives who's votes were nowhere to be found. As a result, the party contested the results and demanded recounting the votes in as many as 1,090 polling stations. Nonetheless, this demand was ultimately refused by the Central Electoral Bureau (Romanian: Biroul Electoral Central, BEC). This failure led the party president, Eugen Tomac, to resign from the party's leadership.
After a party congress held on 7 March 2021, Cristian Diaconescu was elected the new president and designated the party's candidate for the forthcoming 2024 Romnaian presidential election.
Born - Died
|Portrait||Term start||Term end||Duration|
|23 June 2013||8 June 2014||11 months and 16 days|
|8 June 2014||30 January 2015||7 months and 22 days|
|30 January 2015||8 February 2015||9 days|
|8 February 2015||27 March 2016||1 year, 1 month and 19 days|
|27 March 2016||16 June 2018||2 years, 2 months and 20 days|
|16 June 2018||9 December 2020||2 years, 5 months and 23 days|
|9 December 2020||7 March 2021||6 months and 3 days|
|7 March 2021||Incumbent||3 months and 5 days|
Current notable members
Former notable members
|2012||did not exist1||
16 / 412
|did not exist||
0 / 176
|—||Extra-parliamentary opposition to USL government (2013–2014)|
|Opposition to PSD-UNPR-UDMR-PC government (2014)|
|Opposition to PSD-UNPR-ALDE government (2014–2015)|
|Supporting the technocratic Cioloș Cabinet (2015–2017)|
18 / 329
8 / 136
|6th||Opposition to PSD-ALDE government (2017–2019)|
|Opposition to PSD minority government (2019)|
|Supporting PNL minority government (2019–2020)|
0 / 330
0 / 136
|6th||Extra-parliamentary support for PNL-USR PLUS-UDMR government (2020–present)|
|Election||County Councilors (CJ)||Mayors||Local Councilors (CL)||Popular vote||%||Position|
41 / 1,434
18 / 3,186
1,315 / 40,067
67 / 1,340
50 / 3,176
2,150 / 39,900
Mayor of Bucharest
|Election||Candidate||First round||Second round|
|2014||Elena Udrea1||493,376||4th||not qualified|
|2019||Theodor Paleologu||527,098||5th||not qualified|
1 Elena Udrea's candidacy to presidency in 2014 was also supported by the Christian Democratic National Peasants' Party (PNȚCD).
|Election||Votes||Percentage||MEPs||Position||EU Party||EP Group|
2 / 32
2 / 32
- "Cati membri au partidele din Romania. Ce partid a pierdut din adepti". 10 September 2014. Retrieved 16 December 2014.
- Nordsieck, Wolfram (2020). "Romania". Parties and Elections in Europe. Retrieved 18 December 2020.
- "People's Movement Party (PMP)". The Democratic Society. 19 May 2014. Retrieved 4 August 2016.
- Dąborowski, Tomasz (11 January 2017). "Prospects for the centre-left government in Romania". Centre for Eastern Studies. Retrieved 2 November 2017.
- "Mitingul Mişcării Populare şi dedublarea intelectualilor". www.dw.com (in Romanian). March 17, 2014.
- Radu Cinpoes (2015). "Political Culture and Participation: Between Enthusiasm and Indifference?". In Lavinia Stan; Diane Vancea (eds.). Post-Communist Romania at Twenty-Five: Linking Past, Present, and Future. Lexington Books. p. 113. ISBN 978-1-4985-0110-1.
- Daniela Baragan (8 April 2013), Basescu ever closer to the People's Movement, PDL takes distance from him, NineO'Clock.ro, archived from the original on 9 April 2013
- Popular Movement Party (PMP) officially registered, ActMedia.eu, 24 July 2013
- Alina Grigoras (29 January 2014), People's Movement Party aims re-launching, NineO'Clock.ro
- Alina Grigoras (9 February 2014), Băsescu starts electoral offensive through Popular Movement, NineO'Clock.ro
- Elena Băsescu s-a înscris în PMP, dar NU va candida la europarlamentare. Cum s-a încurcat EBA la "testul electoral", Gândul.info, 24 March 2014
- Cristian Diaconescu joins PMP, NineOclock.Ro, 20 May 2014
- "EPP concerned over actions of radical Islamic militant groups and over latest political developments in Romania; welcomes five new member parties". European People's Party. 12 September 2014. Archived from the original on 13 April 2015.
- "Udrea ultim îndemn către electoratul PMP pentru a vota cu Iohannis". PaginadePolitică.ro. 15 November 2014.
- "UNPR fuzionează prin absorbţie cu PMP/ Băsescu: Gabriel Oprea rămâne doar cu onoarea, partidul nu mai e după fuziune. Partidul se va numi Partidul Mişcarea Populară" (in Romanian). Mediafax. 12 July 2016. Retrieved 13 July 2016.
- "Răsturnare de situație după alegeri: Băsescu a dat lovitua maximă; e șoc total în Romania: se fac toate calculele". Capital (in Romanian). Retrieved 7 March 2021.
- "Cristian Diaconescu, ales președinte al PMP și desemnat candidat al partidului la prezidențialele din 2024" (in Romanian). Digi24. 7 March 2021.