Peter Carington, 6th Baron Carrington

Peter Alexander Rupert Carington, 6th Baron Carrington, Baron Carington of Upton, KG, GCMG, CH, MC, PC, DL (6 June 1919 – 9 July 2018), was a British Conservative politician and hereditary peer who served as defence secretary from 1970 to 1974, foreign secretary from 1979 to 1982, chairman of British General Electric Company from 1983 to 1984, and secretary general of NATO from 1984 to 1988. In the first government of Margaret Thatcher, he played a major role in negotiating the Lancaster House Agreement that ended the racial conflict in Rhodesia and enabled the creation of Zimbabwe.


The Lord Carrington

Carrington in 1984
6th Secretary General of NATO
In office
25 June 1984  1 July 1988
Preceded byJoseph Luns
Succeeded byManfred Wörner
Secretary of State for Foreign and Commonwealth Affairs
In office
4 May 1979  5 April 1982
Prime MinisterMargaret Thatcher
Preceded byDavid Owen
Succeeded byFrancis Pym
Other ministerial offices
Leader of the Opposition in the House of Lords
Shadow Leader of the House of Lords
In office
4 March 1974  4 May 1979
Leader
Preceded byThe Lord Shackleton
Succeeded byThe Lord Peart
In office
16 October 1964  20 June 1970
Leader
Preceded byThe Earl Alexander of Hillsborough
Succeeded byThe Lord Shackleton
Secretary of State for Energy
In office
8 January 1974  4 March 1974
Prime MinisterEdward Heath
Preceded byPosition established
Succeeded byEric Varley
Secretary of State for Defence
In office
20 June 1970  8 January 1974
Prime MinisterEdward Heath
Preceded byDenis Healey
Succeeded byIan Gilmour
Chairman of the Conservative Party
In office
7 April 1972  4 March 1974
LeaderEdward Heath
Preceded byPeter Thomas
Succeeded byWilliam Whitelaw
Leader of the House of Lords
Minister without Portfolio
In office
20 October 1963  16 October 1964
Prime MinisterSir Alec Douglas-Home
Preceded byThe Viscount Hailsham
Bill Deedes
Succeeded byThe Earl of Longford
George Thomson
First Lord of the Admiralty
In office
14 October 1959  20 October 1963
Prime MinisterHarold Macmillan
Preceded byThe Earl of Selkirk
Succeeded byThe Earl Jellicoe
High Commissioner to Australia
In office
26 May 1956  14 October 1959
Prime Minister
Preceded byStephen Holmes
Succeeded bySir William Oliver
Parliamentary Secretary to the Ministry of Defence
In office
18 October 1954  26 May 1956
Prime Minister
Preceded byNigel Birch
Succeeded byThe Earl of Gosford
Parliamentary Secretary to the Ministry of Agriculture and Food
In office
5 November 1951  18 October 1954
Serving with Richard Nugent
Prime MinisterSir Winston Churchill
Preceded by
Succeeded by
Member of the House of Lords
In office
6 June 1940  9 July 2018
Hereditary peerage
Personal details
Born
Peter Alexander Rupert Carington

(1919-06-06)6 June 1919
Chelsea, London, England
Died9 July 2018(2018-07-09) (aged 99)
London, England
Political partyConservative
Spouse(s)
Iona McClean
(m. 1942; died 2009)
Children3, including Rupert
ParentsRupert Carington, 5th Baron Carrington
The Hon. Sybil Marion Colville
Alma materRoyal Military College, Sandhurst
Military service
Allegiance United Kingdom
Branch/service British Army
Years of service1939–1949
 (inactive from 1945)
RankMajor
UnitGrenadier Guards
Battles/warsSecond World War
AwardsMilitary Cross

Carrington had been Foreign Secretary in 1982 when Argentina invaded the Falkland Islands. He took full responsibility for the failure to foresee this and resigned. As NATO secretary general, he helped prevent a war between Greece and Turkey during the 1987 Aegean crisis.[1]

Following the House of Lords Act 1999, which removed the automatic right of hereditary peers to sit in the House of Lords, Carrington was created a life peer as Baron Carington of Upton.