Phenomenography is a qualitative research methodology, within the interpretivist paradigm, that investigates the qualitatively different ways in which people experience something or think about something.[1] It is an approach to educational research which appeared in publications in the early 1980s.[1][2] It initially emerged from an empirical rather than a theoretical or philosophical basis.[3]

While being an established methodological approach in education for several decades, phenomenography has now been applied rather extensively in a range of diverse disciplines such as environmental management, computer programming, workplace competence, and internationalization practices.[4]

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