Philip IV of Spain

Philip IV (Spanish: Felipe, Portuguese: Filipe; 8 April 1605  17 September 1665) was King of Spain from 1621 to his death and (as Philip III) King of Portugal from 1621 to 1640. Philip is remembered for his patronage of the arts, including such artists as Diego Velázquez, and his rule over Spain during the Thirty Years' War.

Felipe IV of Spain, 16 Maravedis, 1661, Copper

Philip IV & III
King of Spain
Reign31 March 1621 – 17 September 1665
PredecessorPhilip III
SuccessorCharles II
King of Portugal
Reign31 March 1621 – 1 December 1640
PredecessorPhilip II
SuccessorJohn IV
Born(1605-04-08)8 April 1605
Royal Palace of Valladolid, Valladolid, Spain
Died17 September 1665(1665-09-17) (aged 60)
Madrid, Spain
(m. 1615; died 1644)

(m. 1649)
Felipe Domingo Víctor de la Cruz de Austria y Austria
FatherPhilip III of Spain
MotherMargaret of Austria
ReligionRoman Catholicism
Spanish Netherlands, gold souverain or 'Lion d'or', struck 1633 in Tournai under King Philip IV of Spain.
Obv: Crowned lion brandishing a sword, 1633.
Rev: Crowned shield of Philip IV within Golden Fleece collar.

By the time of his death, the Spanish Empire had reached approximately 12.2 million square kilometers (4.7 million square miles) in area but in other aspects was in decline, a process to which Philip contributed with his inability to achieve successful domestic and military reform.