Philip IV of Spain
Philip IV (Spanish: Felipe, Portuguese: Filipe; 8 April 1605 – 17 September 1665) was King of Spain from 1621 to his death and (as Philip III) King of Portugal from 1621 to 1640. Philip is remembered for his patronage of the arts, including such artists as Diego Velázquez, and his rule over Spain during the Thirty Years' War.
|Philip IV & III|
|King of Spain |
|Reign||31 March 1621 – 17 September 1665|
|King of Portugal|
|Reign||31 March 1621 – 1 December 1640|
|Born||8 April 1605|
Royal Palace of Valladolid, Valladolid, Spain
|Died||17 September 1665 60) (aged|
(m. 1615; died 1644)
|Father||Philip III of Spain|
|Mother||Margaret of Austria|
By the time of his death, the Spanish Empire had reached approximately 12.2 million square kilometers (4.7 million square miles) in area but in other aspects was in decline, a process to which Philip contributed with his inability to achieve successful domestic and military reform.