Phyllis Margaret Starkey (née Williams; born 4 January 1947) is a British Labour party politician, who was the Member of Parliament (MP) for Milton Keynes South West from 1997 to 2010. She had previously served as Leader of Oxford City Council.
|Member of Parliament |
for Milton Keynes South West
1 May 1997 – 12 April 2010
|Preceded by||Barry Legg|
|Succeeded by||Iain Stewart|
|Born||4 January 1947|
Ipswich, England, UK
|Spouse(s)||Hugh Walton Starkey|
|Alma mater||Lady Margaret Hall, Oxford|
Clare Hall, Cambridge
She was the daughter of Dr John Williams, a food chemist, and Catherine Hooson Williams. She attended the independent Perse School for Girls in Cambridge then did a BA in Biochemistry at Lady Margaret Hall, Oxford in 1970. In 1974, she gained a PhD from Clare Hall, Cambridge.
Before she entered Parliament, Starkey's career was in biomedical research. Her early work with Alan Barrett at the University of Cambridge was in the field of biochemistry, and included formulating the trap hypothesis of peptidase inhibition. From 1974–81, she was at the Strangeways Laboratory in Cambridge. She later headed a group at the University of Oxford researching problems of pregnancy. She was at the Sir William Dunn School of Pathology in Oxford from 1981–84. She lectured in Obstetrics at the University of Oxford and was a Fellow at Somerville College, Oxford from 1984–93.
Subsequently she worked as an expert in science and technology policy and bioethics for the Biotechnology and Biological Sciences Research Council from 1993–97. She was a Fellow of St Antony's College, Oxford from 1997–98.
Starkey joined the Labour Party in 1974 and became a councillor on Oxford City Council in 1983. She held various positions on the council, including that of Leader of the Council (1990–93) and Chair of the Finance Committee (1988–90 and 1993–96).
Starkey was selected to stand for election for Labour through an all-women shortlist. As a female entrant to Parliament after the 1997 general election, Starkey was part of the intake dubbed 'The Blair Babes' by the UK media following a photoshoot by the Labour Party to show off how many women MPs were in the new government. Her Parliamentary voting record showed she was a staunch supporter of the legislation introduced by the Labour governments, including the occasional contentious issues within her party. Such were her Blairite credentials that Ken Livingston, Labour's Mayor of London, dubbed her "Phyllis Stasi"
On the backbenches (1997–2001)
Starkey was a Member of the Select Committee on the Modernisation of the House of Commons between 1997–1999, during which time significant changes to parliamentary procedures were introduced, including the establishment of the Westminster Hall debating chamber and the beginning of alterations to sitting hours of Parliament to make them more 'family friendly'.
In 1998 Starkey highlighted the need for a national register for door supervisors (bouncers) to protect young people’s safety while clubbing, and introduced a Private Members Bill to Parliament to establish one. Whilst her Bill did not succeed, the Government was persuaded of the need for a register, and it was incorporated into the Private Security Industry Act 2001 which led to the formation of the Security Industry Authority in 2003.
Between 1999 and 2001, Starkey was a member of the Foreign Affairs Select Committee.
Parliamentary Private Secretary (2001–2005)
After the 2001 general election Starkey was subsequently appointed Parliamentary Private Secretary (PPS) to junior Foreign Office Ministers Denis MacShane and Ben Bradshaw and from May–October 2002 was PPS to Denis MacShane and Mike O'Brien. In November 2002 she transferred to become PPS to Denis MacShane in his new role as Minister of State for Europe.
Select committee chair (2005–2010)
After the general election in May 2005, Starkey was appointed Chair of the Committee on the Office of the Deputy Prime Minister. Following the reorganisation of Government Departments announced on 5 May 2006, the Committee was renamed the Communities and Local Government Select Committee, though its role and the majority of its remit remained the same.
In 2006, there were some notable examples of Starkey becoming increasingly critical of the Prime Minister Tony Blair. In March she used a tough line of questioning during PMQs regarding the tensions between Israel and the Palestinian Authority, and in July during a Liaison Committee session with the PM she raised concerns in relation to the Government's work on education and employment for the Pakistani and Bangladeshi communities of Britain.
In 2007 Starkey along with Jeffrey Donaldson MP called for an investigation into the private security and military services firm ArmorGroup, who held contracts with the British Government for police training in Iraq and Afghanistan. She has also pressed the Government to regulate nail bars and for a ban on a potentially harmful chemical glue used in some outlets to affix fake nails.
Starkey took a close interest in the political situation in the Middle East in her last Parliament, and travelled to both Palestine and Lebanon. Her outspoken opinion on the Israeli incursion into Lebanon in 2006 was firmly at odds with the Labour leadership. In a pop quiz of MPs involved in Middle East issues run by The Sunday Times newspaper in 2007, Starkey was commended along with Conservative MP Andrew Rosindell for getting the highest score, with all but one answer correct.
Starkey was comparatively untroubled by The Daily Telegraph's investigation of the MPs' expenses scandal in 2009, though she was one of the MPs to have travelled abroad as a guest of the British Council, a taxpayer-funded organisation, which became the subject of controversy when the Speaker Michael Martin withheld information relating to the declaration of the hospitality provided. Starkey said she could not remember if she had spoken to the Registrar about her trip, but was of the opinion she did not have to declare a trip that was effectively paid for by the Government and the taxpayer; a position endorsed by the Commons Registrar of Members' Interests.
- "LMH, Oxford – Prominent Alumni". Retrieved 22 May 2015.
- Salvesen GS, Murphy G, Nagase H. The trap hypothesis: α2M and protease inhibition The Biochemist (June 2006) 46–48 (accessed 2 October 2007)
- Strangeways Laboratory Archived 2 March 2010 at the Wayback Machine, University of Cambridge, UK.
- Phyllis Starkey, MP for Milton Keynes South West: About Phyllis (accessed 30 December 2007)
- Phyllis Starkey, BBC Election 1997 candidate page Archived 29 October 2004 at the Wayback Machine (accessed 30 December 2007)
- "Seats with Labour candidates from all-female shortlists". The Independent. London. 9 January 1996. Retrieved 22 May 2010.
- The Public Whip – Voting Record: Phyllis Starkey MP.
- Russell, Ben (26 February 2004). "What became of Blair's Babes? Ben Russell charts the chequered careers of the class of 1997 – UK Politics, UK". The Independent. London. Archived from the original on 28 October 2009. Retrieved 19 April 2015.
- Modernisation Committee Select Committee on Modernisation of the House of Commons First Report, Appendix 1 2 December 1998 (accessed 30 December 2007).
- Hansard, 28 January 1998 Hansard – Door Supervisors (Registration) 28 January 1998 (accessed 30 December 2007).
- ODPM Committee Note Archived 21 November 2006 at the Wayback Machine The ODPM Select Committee and the Department for Communities and Local Government 22 May 2006 (accessed 30 December 2007).
- Hansard, 15 March 2006 Hansard – Questions to the Prime Minister 15 March 2006 (accessed 30 December 2007).
- Liaison Committee – Minutes of Evidence Archived 6 October 2007 at the Wayback Machine House of Commons Liaison Committee 4 July 2006 (accessed 30 June 2007).
- Guardian Newspaper Iraq cover-up claims: MPs call for inquiry 24 December 2007 (accessed 30 December 2007).
- BBC News Website Call for UK ban on fake-nail glue 30 December 2007 (accessed 30 December 2007).
- The Independent – Comment Pages Archived 16 October 2007 at the Wayback Machine Phyllis Starkey: I could support Blair on Iraq, but not over this 2 August 2006 (accessed 30 December 2007).
- Sunday Times MPs don’t know their Sunnis from Shi’ites 7 January 2007 (accessed 30 December 2007).
- "MPs' expenses: Full list of MPs investigated by The Telegraph". The Daily Telegraph. London. 8 May 2009. Retrieved 8 July 2009.
- Hastings, Chris (7 February 2009). "Speaker Michael Martin in secrecy row over British Council trips". London: The Daily Telegraph. Archived from the original on 11 February 2009. Retrieved 30 June 2009.
- "BBC NEWS – VOTE 2001 – CANDIDATES". BBC News.
- BBC News – MPs take on the cistern 10 June 2008
- BBC News – Call for UK ban on fake-nail glue 30 December 2007
- BBC News – MP praises 'surf capital' Newquay 7 March 2007