Morgan Library & Museum

The Morgan Library & Museum, formerly the Pierpont Morgan Library, is a museum and research library in the Murray Hill neighborhood of Manhattan in New York City. It is situated at 225 Madison Avenue, between 36th Street to the south and 37th Street to the north.

The Morgan Library & Museum
The library's main building
Former name
Pierpont Morgan Library
Established1906 (1906) (private library)
March 28, 1924 (1924-03-28) (public institution)
Location225 Madison Avenue (at East 36th Street), Manhattan, New York City
Coordinates40°44′56″N 73°58′54″W
Typemuseum and library
Collection size350,000
Visitors274,000 (fiscal year 2019)[1]
FounderJohn Pierpont Morgan
DirectorColin B. Bailey
ArchitectCharles Follen McKim (main building)
Benjamin Wistar Morris (main building annex)
Isaac Newton Phelps (231 Madison Avenue)
Renzo Piano and Beyer Blinder Belle (expansion)
Public transit accessSubway: at Grand Central–42nd Street
at 33rd Street
Bus: M1, M2, M3, M4, M34 SBS, M34A SBS, M42, Q32
J. Pierpont Morgan Library
NYC Landmark No. 0239, 1119, 2114
Location225 Madison Avenue
at East 36th Street
Manhattan, New York City
Coordinates40°44′56″N 73°58′54″W
ArchitectCharles Follen McKim[3]
Architectural stylePalladian
NRHP reference No.66000544[2]
NYCL No.0239, 1119, 2114
Significant dates
Added to NRHPNovember 13, 1966[2]
Designated NHLNovember 13, 1966[4]
Designated NYCLMay 17, 1966 (exterior)
March 23, 1982 (interior)
February 26, 2002 (Phelps Stokes-J. P. Morgan, Jr., House)

The Morgan Library & Museum is composed of several structures. The main building was designed by Charles McKim of the firm of McKim, Mead and White, with an annex designed by Benjamin Wistar Morris. A 19th-century Italianate brownstone house at 231 Madison Avenue, built by Isaac Newton Phelps, is also part of the grounds. The museum and library also contains a glass entrance building designed by Renzo Piano and Beyer Blinder Belle. The main building and its interior is a New York City designated landmark and a National Historic Landmark, while the house at 231 Madison Avenue is a New York City landmark.

The site was formerly occupied by residences of the Phelps family, one of which banker J. P. Morgan had purchased in 1880. The Morgan Library was founded in 1906 to house Morgan's private library, which included manuscripts and printed books, as well as his collection of prints and drawings. The main building was constructed between 1902 and 1906 for $1.2 million. The library was made a public institution in 1924 by J. P. Morgan's son John Pierpont Morgan, Jr., in accordance with his father's will, and the annex was constructed in 1928. The glass entrance building was added when Morgan Library & Museum was renovated in 2006.