Piscataway, New Jersey

Piscataway (/pɪˈskætəw/) is a township in Middlesex County, New Jersey, United States.[18] The township is a bedroom suburb of the New York metropolitan area, located within the heart of the Raritan Valley region. As of the 2010 United States Census, the township's population was 56,044,[8][9][10] reflecting an increase of 5,562 (+11.0%) from the 50,482 counted in the 2000 Census, which had in turn increased by 3,393 (+7.2%) from the 47,089 counted in 1990.[19]

Piscataway, New Jersey
Township of Piscataway
The YMCA at the Community Center
A Proud Diversified Community
Location of Piscataway Township highlighted in Middlesex County.
Census Bureau map of Piscataway Township, New Jersey
Location in Middlesex County
Location in New Jersey
Location in the United States
Coordinates: 40.545539°N 74.46072°W / 40.545539; -74.46072[1][2]
Country United States
State New Jersey
FormedOctober 31, 1693
IncorporatedFebruary 21, 1798
  TypeFaulkner Act Mayor-Council
  BodyTownship Council
  MayorBrian D. Wahler (D, term ends December 31, 2024)[4]
  Business administratorTimothy J. Dacey[5]
  Municipal clerkMelissa A. Seader[6]
  Total18.96 sq mi (49.11 km2)
  Land18.79 sq mi (48.68 km2)
  Water0.17 sq mi (0.43 km2)  0.88%
Area rank149th of 565 in state
7th of 25 in county[1]
Elevation52 ft (16 m)
  Rank26th of 566 in state
4th of 25 in county[12]
  Density2,975.5/sq mi (1,148.8/km2)
  Density rank216th of 566 in state
16th of 25 in county[12]
Time zoneUTC−05:00 (Eastern (EST))
  Summer (DST)UTC−04:00 (Eastern (EDT))
ZIP Codes
08854, 08855[13][14]
Area code(s)732 and 908[15]
FIPS code3402359010[1][16][17]
GNIS feature ID0882167[1][16]
Souvlaki grilling at the 2011 Greek Festival in Piscataway, New Jersey on May 15, 2011

The name Piscataway may be derived from the area's earliest European American settlers who were coming as transplants from New Hampshire near the Piscataqua River. This river is a landmark defining the coastal border between New Hampshire and Maine. This is an area whose name derives from peske (branch) and tegwe (tidal river),[20] or alternatively from pisgeu (meaning "dark night") and awa ("place of")[21][22] or from a Lenape language word meaning "great deer"[23] The area was appropriated in 1666 by Quakers and Baptists who had left the Puritan colony in New Hampshire.[23]

Piscataway Township was formed on December 18, 1666, and officially incorporated by an act of the New Jersey Legislature on February 21, 1798, as part of the state's initial group of 104 townships.[24] The community, the fifth-oldest municipality in New Jersey,[25] has grown from Native American territory, through a colonial period and is one of the links in the earliest settlement of the Atlantic Ocean seacoast that ultimately led to the formation of the United States. Over the years, portions of Piscataway were taken to form Raritan Township (March 17, 1870, now Edison), Dunellen (October 28, 1887), Middlesex (April 9, 1913) and South Plainfield (March 10, 1926).[24]

Piscataway has advanced educational and research facilities due to the presence of Rutgers University, whose main campus spills into the township. SHI Stadium, home field for the Rutgers Scarlet Knights football team, is in Piscataway.[26] Part of the Robert Wood Johnson Medical School is located in Piscataway as well.

In 2008, Money magazine ranked Piscataway 23rd out of the top 100 places to live in America.[27][28] In 2014, the magazine ranked Piscataway 27th out of top 50 places to live in America.[29]

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