Plesetsk Cosmodrome

Plesetsk Cosmodrome (Russian: Космодром «Плесецк», tr. Kosmodrom "Plesetsk", IPA: [kəsmɐˈdrom plʲɪˈsʲet͡sk]) is a Russian spaceport located in Mirny, Arkhangelsk Oblast, about 800 km north of Moscow and approximately 200 km south of Arkhangelsk, the cosmodrome dates to 1957. Originally developed as an ICBM site for the R-7 missile, it also served for numerous satellite launches using the R-7 and other rockets. Its high latitude makes it useful only for certain types of launches, especially the Molniya orbits, so for much of the site's history it functioned as a secondary location, with most orbital launches taking place from Baikonur, in the Kazakh SSR. With the end of the Soviet Union, Baikonur became a foreign territory, and Kazakhstan charged $115 million usage fees annually. Consequently, Plesetsk has seen considerably more activity since the 2000s.

Plesetsk Cosmodrome
Космодром «Плесецк»
Great emblem of the Plesetsk Cosmodrome
Plesetsk Cosmodrome is located in Russia
Plesetsk Cosmodrome
Plesetsk Cosmodrome
Plesetsk Cosmodrome is located in Arkhangelsk Oblast
Plesetsk Cosmodrome
Plesetsk Cosmodrome
Coordinates62°55′32″N 40°34′40″E
Site information
OwnerRussian ministry of defence
Controlled byRussian Space Forces
Open to
the public
Site history
Built1957 (1957)
In use1957-present

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