In Greek mythology, Poena (also Poine) is the spirit of punishment[1] and the attendant of punishment to Nemesis,[2] the goddess of divine retribution. Her Roman equivalent may have been Ultio. The Latin word poena, "pain, punishment, penalty", gave rise to English words such as subpoena and pain.[3] The original word is the Ancient Greek poinḗ (ποινή), also meaning penalty. Poena was also treated as a host of spirits called poenai that were similar in nature to the Erinyes.


  1. Atsma, Aaron. "Poine". Theoi Project. Retrieved 2013-04-08.
  2. Irwin, Patrick. "Nemesis". University of Oxford. Archived from the original on 2010-10-02. Retrieved 2013-04-08.
  3. Harper, Douglas. "Penal - Etymology". Online Etymology Dictionary. Retrieved 2013-04-08.