Police Scotland

Police Scotland (Scottish Gaelic: Poileas Alba), legally named the Police Service of Scotland (Seirbheis Phoilis na h-Alba),[6] is the national police force of Scotland. It was formed in 2013, with the merger of eight regional police forces in Scotland, as well as the specialist services of the Scottish Police Services Authority, including the Scottish Crime and Drug Enforcement Agency. Although not formally absorbing it, the merger also resulted in the winding up of the Association of Chief Police Officers in Scotland.

Police Scotland
Poileas Alba  (Scottish Gaelic)
MottoSemper Vigilo[n 1]
Keeping People Safe
Agency overview
Formed1 April 2013; 9 years ago (1 April 2013)
Preceding agency
Volunteers461 special constables (March. 2021)
Over 1,000 youth volunteers[1][2]
Annual budget£1.065 billion (2018/19)[3]
Legal personalityPolice force
Jurisdictional structure
National agencyScotland
Operations jurisdictionScotland
Police Scotland's jurisdiction
Size30,414 sq mi (78,772 km2)
Population5,438,100 (mid-2018)
Governing bodyScottish Government
Constituting instrument
General nature
Operational structure
Overviewed byScottish Police Authority
HeadquartersTulliallan Castle, Kincardine-on-Forth
Police officers17,241 full-time officers
approx. 500 special constables
Others5,600 police staff
Cabinet secretary responsible
Agency executive
AirbasesGlasgow City Heliport
Vehicles3,800 (1,540 Marked)
Helicopters1 (1 reserve) (Eurocopter EC135)

Police Scotland is the second-largest police force in the United Kingdom (after the Metropolitan Police Service) in terms of officer numbers, and by far the largest territorial police force in terms of its geographic area of responsibility. The chief constable is answerable to the Scottish Police Authority, and the force is inspected by Her Majesty's Inspectorate of Constabulary in Scotland.

Scotland is also policed by the Ministry of Defence Police, British Transport Police, and the Civil Nuclear Constabulary within their respective jurisdictions. Both the Metropolitan Police Service and National Crime Agency also have some jurisdiction in Scotland. In regard to the Metropolitan Police this is due to their national responsibilities for the protection of the Royal Family and other prominent persons, such as the Prime Minister, and for counter terrorism.[7]

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