Political power grows out of the barrel of a gun
Political power grows out of the barrel of a gun (Chinese: 枪杆子里面出政权; pinyin: Qiānggǎn zi lǐmiàn chū zhèngquán) is a phrase which was coined by Chinese communist leader Mao Zedong. The phrase was originally used by Mao during an emergency meeting of the Chinese Communist Party (CCP) on 7 August 1927, at the beginning of the Chinese Civil War.
Mao employed the phrase a second time on 6 November 1938, during his concluding speech at the sixth Plenary Session of the CCP's sixth Central Committee. The speech was concerned with both the Civil War and the Second Sino-Japanese War, which had commenced the previous year.
In 1960, a portion of the 1938 speech was excerpted and included in Mao's Selected Works, with the title "Problems of War and Strategy". However, the central phrase was popularized largely as a result of its prominence in Mao's Quotations from Chairman Mao Tse-Tung (1964).