Politics of Denmark

The politics of Denmark take place within the framework of a parliamentary representative democracy, a constitutional monarchy and a decentralised unitary state in which the monarch of Denmark, Queen Margrethe II, is the head of state.[1] Denmark is described as a nation state. Danish politics and governance are characterized by a common striving for broad consensus on important issues, within both the political community and society as a whole.

Politics of Denmark

Danmarks politik
Polity typeUnitary parliamentary constitutional monarchy
ConstitutionConstitution of Denmark
Legislative branch
NameParliament
TypeUnicameral
Meeting placeChristiansborg Palace
Presiding officerHenrik Dam Kristensen, Speaker of the Parliament
Executive branch
Head of State
TitleMonarch
CurrentlyMargrethe II
AppointerHereditary
Head of Government
TitlePrime Minister
CurrentlyMette Frederiksen
AppointerMonarch
Cabinet
NameCabinet of Denmark
Current cabinetFrederiksen Cabinet
LeaderPrime Minister
Ministries18
Judicial branch
NameGeneral Judicial System
CourtsCourts of Denmark
Supreme Court
Chief judgeThomas Rørdam
Christiansborg Palace is home to the executive, judicial and legislative branches of the Danish government.

Executive power is exercised by the cabinet of Denmark (commonly known as "the Government", Danish: regeringen), presided over by the Prime Minister (statsminister) who is first among equals. Legislative power is vested in both the executive and the national parliament (Folketinget). Members of the judiciary are nominated by the executive (conventionally by recommendation of the judiciary itself), formally appointed by the monarch and employed until retirement.

Denmark has a multi-party system, with two large parties, and several other small but significant parties. No single party has held an absolute majority in the Folketing since the beginning of the 20th century.[2] Thirteen parties have ballot access for the 2019 Danish general election, three of which did not contest 2015 general election. Since only four post-war coalition governments have enjoyed a majority, government bills rarely become law without negotiations and compromise with both supporting and opposition parties. Hence, the Folketing tends to be more powerful than legislatures in other EU countries. The Constitution does not grant the judiciary power of judicial review of legislation, however the courts have asserted this power with the consent of the other branches of government. Since there are no constitutional or administrative courts, the Supreme Court also deals with constitutional matters.

On many issues the political parties tend to opt for co-operation, and the Danish state welfare model receives broad parliamentary support. This ensures a focus on public-sector efficiency and devolved responsibilities of local government on regional and municipal levels.

The degree of transparency and accountability is reflected in the public's high level of satisfaction with the political institutions, while Denmark is also regularly considered one of the least corrupt countries in the world by international organizations.[3] The Economist Intelligence Unit rated Denmark as "full democracy" in 2016.[4]