Politics of Iceland

The politics of Iceland take place in the framework of a parliamentary representative democratic republic, whereby the president is the head of state, while the prime minister of Iceland serves as the head of government in a multi-party system. Executive power is exercised by the government. Legislative power is vested in both the government and the parliament, the Althingi. The judiciary is independent of the executive and the legislature.

Political system of Iceland

Íslensk stjórnmál (Icelandic)
Polity typeParliamentary Republic
ConstitutionConstitution of Iceland
Legislative branch
NameAlthing
TypeUnicameral
Meeting placeAlþingishúsið, Reykjavik
Presiding officerSteingrímur J. Sigfússon, Speaker of the Althing
AppointerDirect election
Executive branch
Head of State
TitlePresident of Iceland
CurrentlyGuðni Thorlacius Jóhannesson
AppointerDirect election
Head of Government
TitlePrime Minister of Iceland
CurrentlyKatrín Jakobsdóttir
Cabinet
NameCabinet of Iceland
Current cabinetJakobsdóttir cabinet
LeaderPrime Minister
HeadquartersReykjavik
Ministries9 Ministries
Judicial branch
NameJudiciary of Iceland
Supreme Court of Iceland
Chief judgeBenedikt Bogason
SeatSupreme Court Building

Iceland is arguably the world's oldest assembly democracy.[1]

The Economist Intelligence Unit rated Iceland a "full democracy" in 2019.[2][needs update]