Polycarp (//; Greek: Πολύκαρπος, Polýkarpos; Latin: Polycarpus; AD 69 – 155) was a Christian bishop of Smyrna. According to the Martyrdom of Polycarp, he died a martyr, bound and burned at the stake, then stabbed when the fire failed to consume his body. Polycarp is regarded as a saint and Church Father in the Eastern Orthodox, Oriental Orthodox, Catholic, Anglican and Lutheran churches.
|Martyr, Church Father and Bishop of Smyrna|
Smyrna, Asia, Roman Empire
|Venerated in||Roman Catholic Church,|
Church of the East,
Oriental Orthodox Church,
Eastern Orthodox Church
Eastern Catholic Churches
|Feast||February 23 (formerly January 26)|
|Attributes||Wearing the pallium, holding a book representing his Epistle to the Philippians|
|Influences||John the Apostle|
|Major works||Epistle of Polycarp to the Philippians|
His name means "much fruit" in Greek. Both Irenaeus and Tertullian say that Polycarp had been a disciple of John the Apostle, one of Jesus' disciples. In On Illustrious Men, Jerome writes that Polycarp was a disciple of John the Apostle and that John had ordained him as a bishop of Smyrna. Polycarp is regarded as one of three chief Apostolic Fathers, along with Clement of Rome and Ignatius of Antioch.