Pope Benedict XIII

Pope Benedict XIII (Latin: Benedictus XIII; 2 February 1649 – 21 February 1730), born Pietro Francesco Orsini and later called Vincenzo Maria Orsini, was head of the Catholic Church and ruler of the Papal States from 29 May 1724 to his death in 1730.[2]

Servant of God, Pope

Benedict XIII
Bishop of Rome
Papacy began29 May 1724
Papacy ended21 February 1730
PredecessorInnocent XIII
SuccessorClement XII
Ordination24 February 1671
by Clement X
Consecration3 February 1675
by Paluzzo Paluzzi Altieri Degli Albertoni
Created cardinal22 February 1672
by Clement X
Personal details
Birth namePietro Francesco Orsini
Born(1649-02-02)2 February 1649[1]
Gravina in Puglia, Kingdom of Naples
Died21 February 1730(1730-02-21) (aged 81)
Rome, Lazio, Papal States
Previous post(s)
Coat of arms
Venerated inCatholic Church
Title as SaintServant of God
Other popes named Benedict
Ordination history of
Pope Benedict XIII
Priestly ordination
Ordained byClement X
Date24 February 1671
Episcopal consecration
Principal consecratorPaluzzo Card. Paluzzi (Card. Nep.)
Co-consecratorsStefano Brancaccio (Vit. & Tusc.)
Costanzo Zani (Imola)
Date3 February 1675
Elevated byClement X
Date22 February 1672
Episcopal succession
Bishops consecrated by Pope Benedict XIII as principal consecrator
Tiberio Muscettola19 May 1680
Domenico Diez de Aux13 November 1689
Fabrizio Cianci30 November 1689
Marcello Cavalieri15 January 1690
Giuseppe Rosa22 January 1690
Giuseppe Ponzi22 January 1690
Pietro Vecchia12 March 1690
Benedict XIV16 July 1724

A Dominican friar, Orsini focused on his religious responsibilities as bishop rather than on papal administration. Orsini's lack of political expertise led him to increasingly rely on an unscrupulous secretary (Cardinal Niccolò Coscia) whose financial abuses ruined the papal treasury, causing great damage to the Church in Rome.

In the process towards sainthood, his cause for canonization opened in 1755, but it was closed shortly afterwards. It was re-opened on 21 February 1931, but it was closed once again in 1940. It was opened once more on 17 January 2004, with the official process commencing in 2012 and concluding later in 2017. He now has the posthumous title of Servant of God.