Pope Francis

Pope Francis (Latin: Franciscus; Italian: Francesco; Spanish: Francisco; born Jorge Mario Bergoglio,[lower-alpha 2] 17 December 1936) is the head of the Catholic Church and sovereign of the Vatican City State since 2013. Francis is the first pope to be a member of the Society of Jesus, the first from the Americas, the first from the Southern Hemisphere, and the first pope from outside Europe since Gregory III, a Syrian who reigned in the 8th century.


Francis
Bishop of Rome
Francis in South Korea, 2014
ChurchCatholic Church
Papacy began13 March 2013
PredecessorBenedict XVI
Orders
Ordination13 December 1969
by Ramón José Castellano
Consecration27 June 1992
by Antonio Quarracino
Created cardinal21 February 2001
by Pope John Paul II
Personal details
Born
Jorge Mario Bergoglio

(1936-12-17) 17 December 1936 (age 85)
Buenos Aires, Argentina
NationalityArgentine (with Vatican citizenship)
DenominationCatholic
ResidenceDomus Sanctae Marthae
Previous post(s)
EducationMaximum College of St. Joseph
Philosophical and Theological Faculty of San Miguel
Milltown Institute of Theology and Philosophy
Sankt Georgen Graduate School of Philosophy and Theology
MottoMiserando atque eligendo[lower-alpha 1]
Signature
Coat of arms
Ordination history
History
Priestly ordination
Ordained byRamón José Castellano
Date13 December 1969
Episcopal consecration
Principal consecratorAntonio Cardinal Quarracino
Co-consecratorsUbaldo Calabresi, and Emilio Ogñénovich
Date27 June 1992
PlaceBuenos Aires Metropolitan Cathedral , Buenos Aires 
Cardinalate
Elevated byPope Saint John Paul II
Date21 February 2001
Episcopal succession
Bishops consecrated by Pope Francis as principal consecrator
Horacio Ernesto Benites Astoul1 May 1999
Jorge Rubén Lugones30 July 1999
Jorge Eduardo Lozano25 March 2000
Joaquín Mariano Sucunza21 October 2000
José Antonio Gentico28 April 2001
Fernando Carlos Maletti18 September 2001
Andrés Stanovnik16 December 2001
Mario Aurelio Poli20 April 2002
Eduardo Horacio García16 August 2003
Adolfo Armando Uriona8 May 2004
Eduardo Maria Taussig25 September 2004
Raúl Martín20 May 2006
Hugo Manuel Salaberry Goyeneche21 August 2006
Óscar Vicente Ojea Quintana2 September 2006
Hugo Nicolás Barbaro4 July 2008
Enrique Eguía Seguí11 October 2008
Ariel Edgardo Torrado Mosconi13 December 2008
Luis Alberto Fernández Alara27 March 2009
Vicente Bokalic Iglic29 May 2010
Alfredo Horacio Zecca18 August 2011
Jean-Marie Antoine Joseph Speich24 October 2013
Giampiero Gloder24 October 2013
Fernando Vérgez Alzaga15 November 2013
Fabio Fabene30 May 2014
Angelo De Donatis9 November 2015
Miguel Ángel Ayuso Guixot19 March 2016
Peter Bryan Wells19 March 2016
Waldemar Stanisław Sommertag19 March 2018
Alfred Xuereb19 March 2018
José Avelino Bettencourt19 March 2018
Alberto Ricardo Lorenzelli Rossi22 June 2019
Michael F. Czerny4 October 2019
Paolo Borgia4 October 2019
Antoine Camilleri4 October 2019
Paolo Rudelli4 October 2019
Guido Marini17 October 2021
Andrés Gabriel Ferrada Moreira17 October 2021

Born in Buenos Aires, Argentina, Bergoglio worked for a time as a bouncer and a janitor as a young man before training to be a chemist and working as a technician in a food science laboratory. After recovering from a severe illness, he was inspired to join the Society of Jesus (the Jesuits) in 1958. He was ordained a Catholic priest in 1969, and from 1973 to 1979 was the Jesuit provincial superior in Argentina. He became the archbishop of Buenos Aires in 1998 and was created a cardinal in 2001 by Pope John Paul II. He led the Argentine Church during the December 2001 riots in Argentina. The administrations of Néstor Kirchner and Cristina Fernández de Kirchner considered him to be a political rival. Following the resignation of Pope Benedict XVI on 28 February 2013, a papal conclave elected Bergoglio as his successor on 13 March. He chose Francis as his papal name in honor of Saint Francis of Assisi. Throughout his public life, Francis has been noted for his humility, emphasis on God's mercy, international visibility as pope, concern for the poor, and commitment to interreligious dialogue. He is credited with having a less formal approach to the papacy than his predecessors, for instance choosing to reside in the Domus Sanctae Marthae guesthouse rather than in the papal apartments of the Apostolic Palace used by previous popes.

Francis maintains the traditional views of the Church regarding abortion, clerical celibacy, and the ordination of women, but has initiated dialogue on the possibility of deaconesses and has made women full members of dicasteries in the Roman Curia. He maintains that the Church should be more open and welcoming for members of the LGBT community. Francis is an outspoken critic of unbridled capitalism and free market economics, consumerism, and overdevelopment,[2] and advocates taking action on climate change,[3] a focus of his papacy with the promulgation of Laudato si'. In international diplomacy, he helped to restore full diplomatic relations between the United States and Cuba and supported the cause of refugees during the European and Central American migrant crises. Since 2018, he has been an opponent of neo-nationalism and populism.[4][5] He has faced criticism from theological conservatives on many questions, including his promotion of ecumenism, as well as admitting civilly divorced and remarried Catholics to communion with the publication of Amoris laetitia.[6]


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