Pope Urban VIII

Pope Urban VIII (Latin: Urbanus VIII; baptised 5 April 1568 – 29 July 1644), born Maffeo Barberini, was head of the Catholic Church and ruler of the Papal States from 6 August 1623 to his death in 1644. As pope, he expanded the papal territory by force of arms and advantageous politicking, and was also a prominent patron of the arts and a reformer of Church missions.

Pope

Urban VIII
Bishop of Rome
A portrait of Pope Urban VIII
by Pietro da Cortona (1627)
SeeHoly See
Papacy began6 August 1623
Papacy ended29 July 1644
PredecessorGregory XV
SuccessorInnocent X
Orders
Ordination24 September 1592
Consecration28 October 1604
by Fabio Blondus de Montealto
Created cardinal11 September 1606
by Pope Paul V
Personal details
Birth nameMaffeo Barberini
Born5 April 1568
Barberino Val d'Elsa, Duchy of Florence
Died29 July 1644 (aged 76)
Rome, Lazio, Papal States
ParentsAntonio Barberini & Camilla Barbadoro
Previous post(s)
Coat of arms
Other popes named Urban

However, the massive debts incurred during his pontificate greatly weakened his successors, who were unable to maintain the papacy's longstanding political and military influence in Europe. He was also an opponent of Copernicanism and involved in the Galileo affair.