Port of Spain

Port of Spain (Spanish: Puerto España), officially the City of Port of Spain (also stylized Port-of-Spain), is the capital city of Trinidad and Tobago, the country's second-largest city after San Fernando, and the third largest municipality after Chaguanas and San Fernando. The city has a municipal population of 37,074 (2011 census),[2] an urban population of 81,142 (2011 estimate) and a transient daily population of 250,000.[5] It is located on the Gulf of Paria, on the northwest coast of the island of Trinidad and is part of a larger conurbation stretching from Chaguaramas in the west to Arima in the east with an estimated population of 600,000.[6]

Port of Spain
City of Port of Spain
Top to bottom (left to right): Skyline of Port of Spain International Waterfront Centre from Gulf of Paria; National Academy for the Performing Arts, Independence Square, Eric Williams Plaza; MovieTowne, Port of Port of Spain
Motto(s): 
"We Gather Strength As We Go Along"
Port of Spain
Port of Spain
Port of Spain
Coordinates: 10°40′N 61°31′W
CountryTrinidad and Tobago
JurisdictionCity of Port of Spain
Settled1560
Borough19 August 1853[1]
City26 June 1914
Government
  BodyCity of Port of Spain
  MayorJoel Martinez, PNM
  Deputy MayorHillan Morean, PNM
City Corporation seats12 electoral districts
House seats2/41
Area
  Capital city12 km2 (5 sq mi)
Elevation66 m (217 ft)
Population
 (2011)[2]
  Capital city37,074
  Rank3rd
  Density3,090/km2 (8,000/sq mi)
  Urban
81,142
Languages
  OfficialEnglish
Time zoneUTC-4 (AST)
Postal Code
10xxxx, 12xxxx, 16xxxx – 19xxxx, 21xxxx, 23xxxx, 24xxxx, 26xxxx, 29xxxx[4]
Area code(s)868
ISO 3166 codeTT-POS
Telephone Exchanges619, 623, 624, 625, 627, 641, 661, 821, 622, 628, 822
Websitecityofportofspain.gov.tt
HDI The HDI for Trinidad and Tobago is 0.814, which gives the country a rank of 19th out of 177 countries with data (2007/2008) – high

The city serves primarily as a retail and administrative centre and it has been the capital of the island since 1757. It is also an important financial services centre for the Caribbean[7] and is home to two of the largest banks in the region.

Port of Spain was also the de facto capital of the short-lived West Indies Federation, which united the Caribbean.

The city is also home to the largest container port on the island and is one of several shipping hubs of the Caribbean, exporting both agricultural products and manufactured goods. Bauxite from Guyana is trans-shipped via facilities at Chaguaramas, about 8 kilometres (5 mi) west of the city. The pre-lenten Carnival is the city's main annual cultural festival and tourist attraction.

Today, Port of Spain is a leading city in the Caribbean region. Trinidad and Tobago hosted the Fifth Summit of the Americas in 2009, whose guests included US President Barack Obama and US Secretary of State Hillary Clinton.[8]

Port of Spain is also home to the biggest and most successful stock exchange in the Caribbean, the Trinidad and Tobago Stock Exchange (TTSE). The Nicholas Tower, as well as other skyscrapers, are well known throughout the region. These buildings dominate the city's skyline. Some of the tallest skyscrapers in the Caribbean are located in Port of Spain.


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