The Austria Portal
Topographical map of Austria
The flag of Austria
Österreich [ˈøːstɐʁaɪ̯ç] ( ) listen
), officially the
Republic of Austria
, listen), is a
landlocked East Alpine
country in the southern part of
. It is composed of nine
), one of which is
, Austria's capital and largest city. It is bordered by
to the northwest, the
to the north,
to the northeast,
to the east,
to the south, and
to the west. Austria occupies an area of 83,879
mi) and has a population of nearly 9 million
is the country's
, many Austrians communicate informally in a variety of
Austria initially emerged as a
margraviate around 976 and developed into a duchy and archduchy. In the 16th century, Austria started serving as the heart of the Habsburg Monarchy and the junior branch of the House of Habsburg – one of the most influential royal dynasties in history. As an archduchy, it was a major component and administrative centre of the Holy Roman Empire. Early in the 19th century, Austria established its own empire, which became a great power and the leading force of the German Confederation, but pursued its own course independently of the other German states following its defeat in the Austro-Prussian War in 1866. In 1867, in compromise with Hungary, the Austria-Hungary Dual Monarchy was established.
Austria was involved in
World War I under Emperor Franz Joseph following the assassination of Archduke Ferdinand, the presumptive successor to the Austro-Hungarian throne. After the defeat and the dissolution of the Monarchy, the Republic of German-Austria was proclaimed with the intent of union with Germany, but the Allied Powers did not support the new state and it remained unrecognized. In 1919 the First Austrian Republic became the legal successor of Austria. In 1938, the Austrian-born Adolf Hitler, who became the Chancellor of the German Reich, achieved the annexation of Austria by the Anschluss. Following the defeat of Nazi Germany in 1945 and an extended period of Allied occupation, Austria was re-established as a sovereign and self-governing democratic nation known as the Second Republic.
Austria is a
parliamentary representative democracy with a directly elected Federal President as head of state and a Chancellor as head of the federal government. Major urban areas of Austria include Vienna, Graz, Linz, Salzburg and Innsbruck. Austria is consistently ranked in the top 20 richest countries in the world by GDP per capita terms. The country has achieved a high standard of living and in 2018 was ranked 20th in the world for its Human Development Index. Vienna consistently ranks in the top internationally on quality-of-life indicators.
The Second Republic
in foreign political affairs in 1955. Austria has been a member of the United Nations since 1955 and
joined the European Union
in 1995. It plays host to the
and is a founding member of the
. Austria also signed the
in 1995, and adopted the
currency in 1999. (
Selected article -
Selected picture -
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Statue of Athena outside the Austrian Parliament
Selected biography -
Prince Klemens Wenzel von Metternich (1825)
Prince (15 May 1773 – 11 June 1859) was a Klemens Wenzel von Metternich politician and statesman. He was one of the most important diplomats of his era.
He was a major figure in the negotiations before and during the
Congress of Vienna and is considered both a paradigm of foreign-policy management and a major figure in the development of diplomatic praxis. He was the archetypal practitioner of 19th-century diplomatic realism, being deeply rooted in the postulates of the balance of power.
Probably no statesman was so praised, or so reviled, in his own day as Metternich. In one perspective he was revered as the infallible oracle of diplomatic inspiration; in another, he was loathed and despised as an incarnation of the spirit of obscurantism and oppression. The victories of
democracy have made the latter view fashionable, and to the liberal historians of the latter part of the 19th century the very name Metternich was synonymous with a system in which nothing but senseless opposition to progress could be discerned.
Metternich was a master of the techniques of diplomacy: for instance, his dispatches were models of diplomatic style.
The following are images from various Austria-related articles on Wikipedia.
Stift Melk (from
Prix Ars Electronica 2012,
Austria3 - from left: Georg Danzer, Rainhard Fendrich, Wolfgang Ambros. (from
Wiener schnitzel (from
Salzburger Nockerln (from
Vienna State Opera (from
Austria is known for its
, Portrait by Thomas Hardy, 1791 (from
Culture of Austria
Wiener Sängerknaben (Vienna Boys' Chorus) during a concert at the Wiener Musikverein (from
View of one of the main stairs (
Bilingual German-Hungarian sign in Oberwart, Burgenland. (from
Seasonal migration to pasture (from
Vienna Secession (from
An overflow crowd watches the simultaneous outdoor broadcast of a performance in National Concert Hall by the
Golden Hall, from which the Vienna New Year's concert is broadcast (from
, part of main square (from
Culture of Austria
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