Welcome to the Bulgaria portal!

Rila Lakes, Rila, Bulgaria


Location of Bulgaria (dark green)

Bulgaria (/bʌlˈɡɛəriə, bʊl-/ (listen); Bulgarian: България, romanized: Bǎlgariya), officially the Republic of Bulgaria, is a country in Southeast Europe. It lies on the eastern flank of the Balkans, and is bordered by Romania to the north, Serbia and North Macedonia to the west, Greece and Turkey to the south, and the Black Sea to the east. Bulgaria covers a territory of 110,994 square kilometres (42,855 sq mi), and is the sixteenth-largest country in Europe. Sofia is the nation's capital and largest city; other major cities are Plovdiv, Varna and Burgas.

Bulgaria is a developing country, with an upper-middle-income economy, ranking 56th in the Human Development Index. Its market economy is part of the European Single Market and is largely based on services, followed by industry—especially machine building and mining—and agriculture. Widespread corruption is a major socioeconomic issue; Bulgaria ranked as the most corrupt country in the European Union in 2018. The country also faces a demographic crisis, with its population shrinking annually since around 1990; it currently numbers roughly seven million, down from a peak of nearly nine million in 1988. Bulgaria is a member of the European Union, NATO, the Council of Europe; it is also a founding member of the OSCE, and has taken a seat on the United Nations Security Council three times. (Full article...)

Selected article - show another

The Second Bulgarian Empire, also referred to as the Empire of Vlachs and Bulgarians, was a multiethnic medieval state that existed between 1185 and 1396. A successor to the First Bulgarian Empire, it reached the peak of its power under Tsars Kaloyan and Ivan Asen II before gradually being conquered by the Ottomans in the late 14th century.

Until 1256, the Second Bulgarian Empire was the dominant power in the Balkans, defeating the Byzantine Empire in several major battles. In 1205 Emperor Kaloyan defeated the newly established Latin Empire in the Battle of Adrianople. His nephew Ivan Asen II defeated the Despotate of Epiros and made Bulgaria a regional power again. During his reign, Bulgaria spread from the Adriatic to the Black Sea and the economy flourished. In the late 13th century, however, the Empire declined under constant invasions by Mongols, Byzantines, Hungarians, and Serbs, as well as internal unrest and revolts. The 14th century saw a temporary recovery and stability, but also the peak of Balkan feudalism as central authorities gradually lost power in many regions. Bulgaria was divided into three parts on the eve of the Ottoman invasion. (Full article...)

Did You Know?

Selected Picture

The Grass lake.
Credit: Evgeni Dinev

The Smolyan lakes are situated in the western part of the Rhodope Mountains near the homonimous city.


Category puzzle
Select [►] to view subcategories


Things You Can Do

Requested articles Birth rate in Bulgaria (bg) Census of Bulgaria, 1992 (bg) Census of Bulgaria, 2001 (bg) Census of Bulgaria, 2011 (bg) Bulgarian architecture (bg) Bulgarian gardeners Totyu Mladenov (bg) Alexander Tsvetkov (bg) Nona Karadzhova (bg) Stefan Konstantinov (bg) Minko Gerdzhikov (bg) Nikolay Liliev (bg) Teodor Trayanov (bg) Bulgarian dress Pliska–Preslav culture (bg) Evgeni Tanchev (bg) Plamen Paskov (bg) BulMag (bg) Zamunda.net (bg)

Expand Dulo clan Yantra River Nestinarstvo Vrana Palace Pliska Gate of Trajan Georgi Ivanov Georgi Benkovski Ekaterina Dafovska Name days in Bulgaria Evlogi Georgiev Sliven Shumen Shishman dynasty

Requested images Klokotnitsa Naftex Stadium Palitsi Vrana Palace Dimitar Petkov

Further information WikiProject Bulgaria Bulgarian Collaboration Project Translation into English/Bulgarian

Associated Wikimedia

The following Wikimedia Foundation sister projects provide more on this subject:






Learning resources

Travel guides