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Plato's academy, a mosaic from Pompeii

A school is an educational institution designed to provide learning spaces and learning environments for the teaching of students (or "pupils") under the direction of teachers. Most countries have systems of formal education, which is sometimes compulsory. In these systems, students progress through a series of schools. The names for these schools vary by country (discussed in the Regional section below) but generally include primary school for young children and secondary school for teenagers who have completed primary education. An institution where higher education is taught, is commonly called a university college or university.

In addition to these core schools, students in a given country may also attend schools before and after primary (Elementary in the US) and secondary (Middle school in the US) education. Kindergarten or preschool provide some schooling to very young children (typically ages 3–5). University, vocational school, college or seminary may be available after secondary school. A school may be dedicated to one particular field, such as a school of economics or a school of dance. Alternative schools may provide nontraditional curriculum and methods.

Non-government schools, also known as private schools may be required when the government does not supply adequate, or specific educational needs. Other private schools can also be religious, such as Christian schools, gurukula (Hindu School), madrasa (Arabic schools), hawzas (Shi'i Muslim schools), yeshivas (Jewish schools), and others; or schools that have a higher standard of education or seek to foster other personal achievements. Schools for adults include institutions of corporate training, military education and training and business schools.

In homeschooling and distance education, teaching and learning take place independent from the institution of school or in a virtual school outside a traditional school building respectively. Schools are commonly organized in several different organizational models, including departmental, small learning communities, academies, integrated, and schools-within-a-school. (Full article...)

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There are sixty-two schools in Cardenal Caro, one of the three provinces of Libertador General Bernardo O'Higgins Region in Chile. The province contains several primary schools and eight secondary schools. All schools in Cardenal Caro are municipal (owned by the government of their respective communes) except seven, including the Colegio de la Preciosa Sangre de Pichilemu, the Colegio Charly's School and the Instituto Railef, which are semi-private (subsidized by the state). Most schools are located in rural areas, while twenty are located in urban areas. All of them are coeducational.

Students in Chilean schools begin their formal education in prekínder between the ages of two and five. Primero básico is the first grade of primary education, which lasts until octavo básico (eighth grade). Students begin their secondary education in primero medio (ninth grade), and graduate in cuarto medio (twelfth grade). (Full article...)
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The Clovis bell tower of Lycée Henri-IV
Credit: User:Kajimoto

The Lycée Henri-IV (sometimes called HIV, H4, or Henri-Quatre) is a public secondary school located in Paris, France. Henri-IV is located in the nationally-historic buildings of the former Sainte Geneviève abbey. After the French revolution, it was transformed into a public lycée, the first one in France. Its former pupils include French philosophers and writers such as Jean-Paul Sartre and André Gide.

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  • 1925 In the Scopes Trial, the Criminal Court of Tennessee upholds the Bulter Act, which made it unlawful, in any state-funded educational establishment in Tennessee, "to teach any theory that denies the story of the Divine Creation of man as taught in the Bible, and to teach instead that man has descended from a lower order of animals." The case was a watershed in the creation-evolution controversy.



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Erasmus Smith, attributed to the circle of John Michael Wright

Erasmus Smith (1611–1691) was an English merchant and a landowner with possessions in England and Ireland. Having acquired significant wealth through trade and land transactions, he became a philanthropist in the sphere of education, treading a path between idealism and self-interest during a period of political and religious turbulence. His true motivations remain unclear.

Smith's family owned manors in Leicestershire and held Protestant beliefs. He became a merchant, supplying provisions to the armies of the Puritan Oliver Cromwell – during Cromwell's suppression of rebellion in Ireland — and an alderman of the City of London. His financial and landowning status was greatly enhanced by benefiting from his father's subscription to the Adventurers' Act from which he gained extensive landholdings in Ireland as a reward, and from his own speculative practice of buying additional subscriptions from other investors. (Full article...)

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