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( Italy Italian: Italia [iˈtaːlja] (), officially the ) listen Italian Republic (Italian: Repubblica Italiana ), is a country consisting of a [reˈpubːlika itaˈljaːna] continental part, delimited by the Alps, a peninsula and several islands surrounding it. Italy is located in Southern Europe, and is also considered part of Western Europe. A unitary parliamentary republic with Rome as its capital, the country covers a total area of 301,340 km 2 (116,350 sq mi) and shares land borders with France, Switzerland, Austria, Slovenia, and the enclaved microstates of Vatican City and San Marino. Italy has a territorial enclave in Switzerland ( Campione) and a maritime exclave in Tunisian waters ( Lampedusa). With around 60 million inhabitants, Italy is the third-most populous member state of the European Union.
Due to its central geographic location in
Southern Europe and the Mediterranean, Italy has historically been home to myriad peoples and cultures. In addition to the various ancient peoples dispersed throughout what is now modern-day Italy, the most predominant being the Indo-European Italic peoples who gave the peninsula its name, beginning from the classical era, Phoenicians and Carthaginians founded colonies mostly in insular Italy, Greeks established settlements in the so-called of Magna Graecia Southern Italy, while Etruscans and Celts inhabited central and northern Italy respectively. An Italic tribe known as the Latins formed the Roman Kingdom in the 8th century BC, which eventually became a republic with a government of the Senate and the People. The Roman Republic initially conquered and assimilated its neighbours on the Italian peninsula, eventually expanding and conquering parts of Europe, North Africa and Asia. By the first century BC, the Roman Empire emerged as the dominant power in the Mediterranean Basin and became a leading cultural, political and religious centre, inaugurating the Pax Romana, a period of more than 200 years during which Italy's law, technology, economy, art, and literature developed. Italy remained the homeland of the Romans and the metropole of the empire, whose legacy can also be observed in the global distribution of culture, governments, Christianity and the Latin script. ( ) Full article...
Selected article -
Fiume in Taranto in 1933
was a Fiume Zara-class heavy cruiser of the Italian Regia Marina, named after the Italian city of Fiume (now Rijeka, Croatia), she was the second of four ships in the class, and was built between April 1929 and November 1931. Armed with a main battery of eight 8-inch (200 mm) guns, she was nominally within the 10,000-long-ton (10,000 t) limit imposed by the Washington Naval Treaty, though in reality she significantly exceeded this figure. Fiume
saw extensive service during
World War II
, having participated in several sorties to catch British convoys in the Mediterranean. She was present during the
Battle of Calabria
in July 1940,
Battle of Cape Spartivento
in November, and ultimately the
Battle of Cape Matapan
in March 1941. In the last engagement,
sister ships Zara
were sunk in a close-range night engagement with three British
Selected picture -
Did you know... -
...that in 2002, hundreds of former mobsters incarcerated in eight jails across Italy, supposedly having no way to contact one another, joined a hunger strike to protest against of the Italian Penitentiary Act? article 41-bis Selected fare or cuisine -
A collection of different pasta varieties (, ; Pasta Italian pronunciation: ) is a type of [ˈpasta] food typically made from an unleavened dough of wheat flour mixed with water or eggs, and formed into sheets or other shapes, then cooked by boiling or baking. Rice flour, or legumes such as beans or lentils, are sometimes used in place of wheat flour to yield a different taste and texture, or as a gluten-free alternative. Pasta is a staple food of Italian cuisine.
Pastas are divided into two broad categories: dried (
) and fresh (
). Most dried pasta is produced commercially via an
process, although it can be produced at home. Fresh pasta is traditionally produced by hand, sometimes with the aid of simple machines. Fresh pastas available in grocery stores are produced commercially by large-scale machines. (
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General images -
The following are images from various Italy-related articles on Wikipedia.
, Prime Minister of Italy for almost ten years between 1994 and 2011.
Italian states (1815–1859).
and the nearby islands in the 1st century BCE.
Greek temple of
Giuseppe Verdi, one of Italy's greatest opera composers. Portrait by
Mussolini reviewing adolescent soldiers, late 1944.
Palazzo della Carovana, the current seat of the
Scuola Normale Superiore di Pisa
of the far-right terrorist group
railway station on 2 August 1980, which caused the death of 85 people.
comes from the Italian
which means "to express," and refers to the process by which hot water is forced under pressure through ground coffee.
The Birth of Venus
on canvas. 172.5 cm × 278.9 cm (67.9 in × 109.6 in).
The Vitruvian man
Leonardo da Vinci
, representing the ideal human proportions as described by Roman architect
, is a quintessential masterpiece of the Renaissance.
, built in the 1st century.
, hero of Italian unification.
, one of the greatest poets of the
. His epic poem
The Divine Comedy
ranks among the finest works of
Fresco of dancing
women in the
Tomb of the Dancers
Ruvo di Puglia
, 4th–5th century BCE
sculpture in the
. According to legend,
Rome was founded
in 753 BCE by
Romulus and Remus
, who were raised by a
Regional seat of
Italian ethnic regions
claimed by the Fascists in the 1930s:* Green:
were later claimed
is an archaeological site in northern
, located in the territory of
. 4th millennium BC.
Santa Maria del Fiore
, which has the biggest brick dome in the world, and is considered a masterpiece of Italian architecture and world architecture.
Expansion of the territory known as
from the establishment of the
Camillo Benso, Count of Cavour
, the first Prime Minister in the history of Italy.
, the oldest surviving and most successful
, the founder of modern experimental science.
is often described as the most influential
in the Western world.
Italian kingdom in 1919.
, considered one of the most influential and widely revered
of the 20th century.
Spanish Republican poster against the
Italian intervention in the Spanish Civil War
, reading "The claw of the Italian invader intends to enslave us."
Iron Age hut foundations on the
considered to be the
, the reputed dwelling-place of
Petroglyph in Valcamonica
, the largest collection of prehistoric
in the world (10th millennium BC).
, Italy, 700–650 BCE.
Official portrait of
, the last
King of Italy
, was exiled to Portugal.
, the commercial, cultural, and political center of the city and the Republic which housed the various offices and meeting places of the government.
Leonardo da Vinci
is an Italian art masterpiece worldwide famous.
, c.1880, inventor of the first
Secondary, widely spoken or understood. Understood by some due to former colonisation.
Sheets with the iconic picture of
, exposed as a sign of protest against Italian Mafia. They read: "You did not kill them: their ideas walk on our legs".
was murdered a few days after he openly denounced Fascist violence during the 1924 elections.
St. Peter's Basilica
is the world's largest Christian church. It is the second church to stand above the
(tomb) believed to hold the body of
, the first pope.
Accademia di Belle Arti
, Italy) is a masterpiece of Renaissance and world art.
Battle of Bitonto
by Giovanni Luigi Rocco
at its greatest extent under
in CE 117.
, in 1723. His best-known work is a series of
The Four Seasons
The historic seat of the
Corriere della Sera
in via Solferino in
Ancient Greek colonies and their
groupings in Southern Italy.
NW Greek Achaean Doric Ionian
the EUR in Rome is a perfect example of modern Italian architecture
, reflects the president's admiration for classical Roman aesthetics.
Ambitions of fascist Italy in Europe in 1936.
Metropolitan Italy and dependent territories; Client states; Claimed territories to be annexed;
Territories to be transformed into client states. Albania
, which was a client state, was considered a territory to be annexed.
ice cream dessert.
of the modern Italian Republic features the coats of arms of the four best known medieval
. Clockwise from upper left:
according to the 1940 fascist project in case Italy had won the
Second World War
(the orange line delimits metropolitan Italy, the green line the borders of the enlarged
Map of Etruscan civilisation.
at the court of
Leonardo da Vinci
is one of the greatest
and most versatile
into Naples on 7 September 1860
Redipuglia War Memorial
, resting place of 100,000 Italian soldiers. More than 650,000 died on the battlefields of
World War I
. The total deaths for Italy amounted to 1,240,000.
in a late 16th-century Flemish painting.
Insurgents celebrating the liberation of Naples after the
Four days of Naples
(27–30 September 1943).
was the inventor of
Italian Kingdom in 1861.
cheering D'Annunzio and his
, September 1919. At the time, Fiume had 22,488 (62% of the population) Italians in a total population of 35,839 inhabitants.
From left to right, Chamberlain, Daladier, Hitler, Mussolini and Italian Foreign Minister
at the signing of
The Birth of Venus
, ca. 1482–85.
Mussolini and Hitler in June 1940.
Venice Film Festival
is the oldest film festival in the world and one of the "
Italian cavalry in
on 3 November 1918, after the victorious
Battle of Vittorio Veneto
. Italy's victory marked the end of the war on the
, secured the dissolution of the Austro-Hungarian Empire and contributed to the
end of World War I
just one week later.
, iconic middle-class dream car and status symbol of the 1950-60s.
The signing ceremony of the
Treaty of Rome
on 25 March 1957, creating the
, forerunner of the present-day
is an example of an Italophile of the 16th century.
, an ivory statuette from the
found in the ruins of
Indo-Roman trade relations
, beginning around the 1st century BCE, testifies to extensive Roman trade in far away regions.
entering Rome in 1798
church in the world.
Italian prisoners in El Alamein, November 1942.
Italian states in 1796.
Contemporary engraving of Naples during the
The celebration of the
for the first victory (of four) in the
1934 World football championship
Brunello di Montalcino
is one of Italy's finest red wines, made around the town of
from a Sangiovese variant known locally as Brunello.
The Creation of Adam
is one of the scenes on the ceiling of the
of the Vatican, painted by Michelangelo sometime between 1508 and 1512.
Sergio Mattarella, President of the Italian Republic, elected on 3 February 2015.
The Last Supper
by Leonardo da Vinci, possibly one of the most famous and iconic examples of
Maximum extent of the
Italian Lombard kingdom (781–1014).
, a natural mummy discovered in the southern Alps (region of
) dating from the 4th millennium BC.
, one of Italy's greatest 19th-century writers.
shop in Singapore.
Italy has been a home for innovation in
in the centuries since
formulated his theories of planetary movement.
provided an inspiration for the medieval European. Although the
Holy Roman Empire
rarely acquired a serious geopolitical reality, it possessed great symbolic significance.
Italy and the
depicts some of the
entertainments that would have been offered at the games.
, one of the symbols of Italian Renaissance.
, originally known as the Flavian Amphitheatre, is an elliptical amphitheatre in the centre of the city of Rome, the largest ever built in the Roman Empire.
Italian states in 1494.