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A six-band rainbow flag representing the LGBT community

LGBT or GLBT is an initialism that stands for lesbian, gay, bisexual, and transgender. In use since the 1990s, the term is an adaptation of the initialism LGB, which began to replace the term gay in reference to the broader LGBT community beginning in the mid-to-late 1980s. The initialism, as well as some of its common variants, functions as an umbrella term for sexuality and gender identity.

It may refer to anyone who is non-heterosexual or non-cisgender, instead of exclusively to people who are lesbian, gay, bisexual, or transgender. To recognize this inclusion, a popular variant, LGBTQ, adds the letter Q for those who identify as queer or are questioning their sexual or gender identity. Those who add intersex people to LGBT groups or organizing may use the extended initialism LGBTI. These two initialisms are sometimes combined to form the terms LGBTIQ or LGBT+ to encompass spectrums of sexuality and gender. Other, less common variants also exist, such as LGBTQIA+, with the A standing for "asexual" or "aromantic". Longer acronyms, with some being over twice as long as LGBT, have prompted criticism for their length, and the implication that the acronym refers to a single community is also controversial. (Full article...)

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The Well of Loneliness is a lesbian novel by British author Radclyffe Hall that was first published in 1928 by Jonathan Cape. It follows the life of Stephen Gordon, an Englishwoman from an upper-class family whose "sexual inversion" (homosexuality) is apparent from an early age. She finds love with Mary Llewellyn, whom she meets while serving as an ambulance driver in World War I, but their happiness together is marred by social isolation and rejection, which Hall depicts as typically suffered by "inverts", with predictably debilitating effects. The novel portrays "inversion" as a natural, God-given state and makes an explicit plea: "Give us also the right to our existence".

The novel became the target of a campaign by James Douglas, editor of the Sunday Express, who wrote, "I would rather give a healthy boy or a healthy girl a phial of prussic acid than this novel." Although its only sexual reference consists of the words "she kissed her full on the lips, as a lover" and "and that night, they were not divided", a British court judged it obscene because it defended "unnatural practices between women". In the United States the book survived legal challenges in New York state and in Customs Court. (Full article...)
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Mercury performing with Queen in New Haven, Connecticut, on 16 November 1977

Freddie Mercury (born Farrokh Bulsara; 5 September 1946 – 24 November 1991) was a British singer, songwriter, record producer, and lead vocalist of the rock band Queen. Regarded as one of the greatest singers in the history of rock music, he was known for his flamboyant stage persona and four-octave vocal range. Mercury defied the conventions of a rock frontman, with his highly theatrical style influencing the artistic direction of Queen.

Born in 1946 in Zanzibar to Parsi-Indian parents, he attended English-style boarding schools in India from the age of eight and returned to Zanzibar after secondary school. In 1964, his family fled the Zanzibar Revolution, moving to Middlesex, England. Having studied and written music for years, he formed Queen in 1970 with guitarist Brian May and drummer Roger Taylor. Mercury wrote numerous hits for Queen, including "Killer Queen", "Bohemian Rhapsody", "Somebody to Love", "We Are the Champions", "Don't Stop Me Now", and "Crazy Little Thing Called Love". His charismatic stage performances often saw him interact with the audience, as displayed at the 1985 Live Aid concert. He also led a solo career and served as a producer and guest musician for other artists. (Full article...)

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John Barrowman (center) and partner Scott Gill (left)


Torchwood/Doctor Who star John Barrowman (saluting, in the style of his TV character), and partner Scott Gill (left), on a parade float at Pride London in 2007. Barrowman and Gill entered a civil partnership in December 2006.
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This month's birthdays

Alla Nazimova
  • 1 – Brandi Carlile (1981–), American alternative country and folk rock singer-songwriter
  • 1 – Ferron (1952–), Canadian folk singer and songwriter
  • 2 – Brent Hawkes (1950–), Canadian pastor & LGBT rights activist
  • 2 – Wentworth Miller (1972–), English-born American actor and screenwriter
  • 2 – Zachary Quinto (1977–), American actor
  • 2 – Marquis de Sade (1740–1814), French aristocrat, revolutionary politician, philosopher and writer
  • 3 – Allen Ginsberg (1926–1997), American beat poet
  • 3 – Josephine Baker (1906–1975), American dancer, singer and actress
  • 3 – Anderson Cooper (1967–), American journalist, author, and television personality
  • 3 – Alla Nazimova (1879–1945), Russian actress
  • 4 – Val McDermid (1955–), Scottish suspense novel writer
  • 5 – Lisa Cholodenko (1964–), American film and television writer-director
  • 5 – Federico García Lorca (1898–1936), Spanish poet, playwright, and theatre director
  • 5 – Suze Orman (1951–), American financial advisor, author, columnist and TV host
  • 5 – Troye Sivan (1995–), Australian actor and singer
  • 5 – Gustáv Slamečka (1959–), Czech politician
  • 5 – Johannes, 11th Prince of Thurn and Taxis (1926–1990), German aristocrat and businessman
  • 6 – Annie Adams Fields (1834-1915), American poet, essayist, memoirist, and biographer
  • 6 – Sandra Bernhard (1955–), American comedian, actress, singer and writer
  • 6 – Harvey Fierstein (1952–), American actor and playwright
  • 6 – Violet Trefusis (1894–1972), English writer and socialite
  • 7 – James Ivory (1928–), American film director
  • 7 – Anne McClain (1979–), American engineer, military officer, and astronaut
  • 8 – Kim Stolz (1983–), American model, TV personality, author and finance executive
  • 8 – Marguerite Yourcenar (1903–1987), French novelist
  • 9 – Parinya Charoenphol (1981–), Thai boxer, model and actress
  • 9 – Bülent Ersoy (1952–), Turkish singer & actress
  • 9 – Cole Porter (1891–1964), American composer and songwriter
  • 10 – Maurice Sendak (1928–2012), American children's writer
  • 10 – Dustin Lance Black (1974–), American screenwriter, director, producer, and LGBT rights activist
  • 11 – Mario Silva (1966–), Portuguese-Canadian legal scholar and politician
  • 11 – Renée Vivien (1877-1909), British poet
  • 12 – Djuna Barnes (1892–1982), American writer
  • 12 – Jim Nabors (1930–), American actor and singer
  • 13 – Paul Lynde (1926–1982), American comedian and actor
  • 14 – Boy George (1961–), British singer-songwriter
  • 15 – Neil Patrick Harris (1973–), American actor, singer, director, and magician
  • 15 – Bif Naked (1971–), Canadian singer-songwriter, actress, and motivational speaker
  • 16 – Lou Sullivan (1951-1991), American author and trans activist
  • 16 – Jenny Shimizu (1967–), American model and actress
  • 16 – Joe McElderry (1991–), British singer and model
  • 17 – Clodovil Hernandes (1937–2009), Brazilian fashion stylist, television presenter, and politician
  • 17 – Evelyn Irons (1900–2000), Scottish journalist and war correspondent
  • 17 – Steven Davies (1986–), English cricketer
  • 17 – Phyllida Lloyd (1957–), English theatre and film director
  • 17 – Carl Van Vechten (1880–1964), American writer and photographer
  • 19 – Elisabeth Marbury (1856–1933), theatrical/literary agent and author
  • 20 – Allan Bell (1947–), Manx politician and Chief Minister of the Isle of Man
  • 20 – E. Lynn Harris (1955–2009), American Author
  • 21 – Meredith Baxter (1947–), American actress and producer
  • 21 – Kate Brown (1960–), American politician and Governor of Oregon
  • 21 – Lana Wachowski (1965–), American film director, screenwriter and producer
  • 22 – Jimmy Somerville (1961–), Scottish pop singer
  • 23 – Alan Turing (1912–1954), English mathematician and computer scientist
  • 24 – Stacy Sykora (1977–), retired American volleyball player
  • 25 – Larry Kramer (1935–), American playwright, novelist, and LGBT rights activist
  • 26 – Sean Hayes (1970–), American actor and comedian
  • 28 – Sunil Babu Pant (1972–), Nepalese politician and LGBT rights activist
  • 28 – Jim Kolbe (1942–), American politician, Republican congressman (Arizona) (1985–2003)
  • 28 – David Kopay (1942–), American football player
  • 30 – Alan Joyce (1966–), Australian business executive and CEO of Qantas Airways

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