Johnston or Johnston sans is the typeface widely used by Transport for London for its publicity material and signage across the whole of its activities. The typeface was commissioned by the London Electric Railway in 1913 as part of a drive to strengthen the company's corporate branding and replaced a variety of typefaces used across its services. The font was originally simply called "Underground" but is now named after its designer, Edward Johnston, who also designed the London Underground roundel. The use of the typeface survived the merger of the LER into London Transport and spread to be used across the entire system.
Intended for posters and signage, Johnston's design originally consisted of just capital letters, numbers and punctuation symbols but the widening of its usage saw the addition of lower case characters and different type weights. The typeface is sans-serif and features a perfectly circular capital letter O and diamond-shaped full-stop and dots over the letters i and j. The current version of Johnston in use was designed to be slightly heavier than the original and is named New Johnston. (Full article...)
All selected articles
Sir Edward William Watkin, 1st Baronet (26 September 1819 - 13 April 1901) was chairman or a director of many British railways including the Metropolitan Railway (MR), the South Eastern Railway (SER) and the Manchester, Sheffield and Lincolnshire Railway (MS&LR). He was intermittently a member of parliament, representing Hythe from 1874 to 1895.
Through his leadership of the MR, SER and MS&LR, Watkin had the amibtion to construct a new mainline railway connecting the north of England, via London and Kent to the continent. Although his plans for a channel tunnel to be constructed by his Anglo-French Submarine Railway were never realised, the MS&LR constructed its London extension in the 1890s from Annesley, Nottinghamshire to the MR's station at Quainton Road in Buckinghamshire to a continental loading gauge. Reflecting its enhanced connections the MS&LR changed its name to the Great Central Railway in 1987.
To encourage tourist day-trips on the MR, Watkin planned a pleasure grounds at Wembley Park, with a large tower, "Watkin's Tower", intended to be larger than the Eiffel Tower. The park opened in 1896, but because of cost and structural problems, the tower was never completed and was demolished after Watkin's death. The site was subsequently used for Wembley Stadium. (Full article...)
All Selected biographies
Did you know...
- ...that the cause of the Moorgate tube crash in February 1975 was never satisfactorily determined?
More Did you know...
Westminster Underground stationEscalators at
descend between beams and columns of the station box
to reach the deep-level Jubilee line
coaches in London Transport Green Line
- Original stations on the
Rotherhithe TunnelSouthern approach to the
that runs under the River Thames
in east London between Rotherhithe
Alexandra Palace stationArguably the best-preserved disused station building in London, this is the former
on the GNR Highgate branch (closed in 1954). It is now in use as a community centre (CUFOS).
Central London Railway
poster, published in 1905.
Battery-electric locomotiveLondon Underground
L16 designed to operate over tracks where the traction current
is turned off for maintenance work.
A60 StockLondon Underground
(left) and 1938 Stock
(right) trains showing the difference in the sizes of the two types of rolling stock operated on the system. A60 stock trains operated on the surface and sub-surface sections of the Metropolitan line
from 1961 to 2012 and 1938 Stock operated on various deep level tube lines from 1938 to 1988.
boats "John Burns" and "James Newman" on the River Thames, 2012.
Hornsey Lane Bridge
, more commonly known as "Suicide Bridge".
across the River Thames
opened in 1906 and features sculptures by F. W. Pomeroy
- Planes waiting at
- Helicopter landing at
- Rail, road and river traffic, seen from the
, headquarters of the UERL
and its successors, is a Grade I listed building
in Westminster designed by Charles Holden
(left) and Night
(right) sculptures by Sir Jacob Epstein
on the London Underground
's headquarters at 55 Broadway
London General Omnibus Company B-type bus
B340 built in 1911 by AEC
. One of a number of London buses purchased by the British military during World War I
, this vehicle was operated on the Western Front
Qantas Boeing 747-400
about to land at Heathrow Airport
, seen beyond the roofs of Myrtle Avenue, Hounslow
of the London United Tramways
at Boston Road, Hanwell
, circa 1910.
built by Wrightbus
has three entrances, two staircases and is designed to be reminiscent of the Routemaster
- The Circle routes of Victorian London, comprising the
- The south façade of
statue by Eric Aumonier
at East Finchley
WestwayThe newly constructed junction of the
) and the West Cross Route
) at White City
, circa 1970. Continuation of the West Cross Route northwards under the roundabout was cancelled leaving two short unused stubs for the slip roads that would have been provided for traffic joining or leaving the northern section.
West India DocksSailing ships at
on the Isle of Dogs
in 1810. The docks opened in 1802 and closed in 1980 and have since been redeveloped as the Canary Wharf
Ruislip Lido Railway
's 12-inch (300
mm) gauge locomotive "Mad Bess" hauling a passenger train.
M23The multi-level junction between the
motorways near Merstham
. The M23 passes over the M25 with bridges carrying interchange slip roads for the two motorways in between.
- The western departures concourse of
Arena tram stopTram 2548 calls at
. This is one of the trams on the Tramlink
network centred on Croydon
in south London.
Hampton Court BridgeThe original
in 1753, the first of four on the site.
, opened in 1873, crosses the River Thames
Maida ValeEarly style tube roundel in mosaic at
Santander Cycles"Boris Bikes" from the
hire scheme waiting for use at a docking station in Victoria.
, opened in 1887, crosses the River Thames
in west London.
- View of
All Selected pictures
In the news
- 26 June