Portal:Suriname

The Suriname portal

Flag of Suriname
Coat of Arms for Suriname

Suriname (/ˈsjʊərɪnæm, -nɑːm/ (listen)) or Surinam, officially known as the Republic of Suriname (Dutch: Republiek Suriname [reːpyˌblik ˌsyːriˈnaːmə]), is a country on the northeastern Atlantic coast of South America. It is bordered by the Atlantic Ocean to the north, French Guiana to the east, Guyana to the west, and Brazil to the south. At just under 165,000 square kilometers (64,000 square miles), it is the smallest sovereign state in South America.

It has a population of approximately 575,990, dominated by descendants from (slave) laborers brought in from Africa and Asia by the Dutch Empire and Republic. Most of the people live by the country's (north) coast, in and around its capital and largest city, Paramaribo. It is also one of the least densely populated countries on Earth.

Situated slightly north of the equator, Suriname is a tropical country dominated by rainforests. Its extensive tree cover is vital to the country's efforts to mitigate climate change and maintain carbon negativity. A developing country with a relatively high level of human development, Suriname's economy is heavily dependent on its abundant natural resources, namely bauxite, gold, petroleum and agricultural products.

Suriname was inhabited as early as the fourth millennium BC by various indigenous peoples, including the Arawaks, Caribs, and Wayana. Europeans arrived in the 16th century, with the Dutch establishing control over much of the country's current territory by the late 17th century. During the Dutch colonial period, Suriname was a lucrative source of sugar, its plantation economy driven by African slave labor, and after abolition of slavery in 1863, by indentured servants from Asia, predominantly from then British India (India, Pakistan, and Bangladesh), as well as Java (Indonesia). So much so, that Indo-Surinamese, or '(Surinaams-) Hindoestanen' in Dutch, became the country's biggest ethnic group, significantly influencing Surinamese cuisine.

In 1954, Suriname became one of the constituent countries of the Kingdom of the Netherlands. On 25 November 1975, it left the Kingdom to become an independent state. Contrary to the preceding war for independence of Dutch colony Indonesia, this was an initiative of the Netherlands then left-wing government. Suriname continues to maintain close diplomatic, economic, and cultural ties with it.

Suriname is considered a culturally Caribbean country, and is a member of the Caribbean Community (CARICOM). It is the only sovereign nation outside of Europe where Dutch is the official and prevailing language of government, business, media, and education. According to research by the Dutch Language Union, Dutch is the native language of 60% of Surinamese. Sranan Tongo, an English-based creole language, is a widely used lingua franca. (Full article...)

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Suriname is located in the northern part of South America and is part of Caribbean South America, bordering the North Atlantic Ocean, between French Guiana and Guyana. It is mostly covered by tropical rainforest, containing a great diversity of flora and fauna that, for the most part, are increasingly threatened by new development. There is a relatively small population, most of which live along the coast. (Full article...)
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Grace Schneiders-Howard (16 September 1869 – 4 February 1968) was a Surinamese social worker and politician. Initially beginning her career in civil service as an agent for immigrant workers, she later worked in the Hygiene Department to develop sanitation services in the country. When women were allowed to run for office, but without the right to vote, she ran as a candidate for the Estates of Suriname. Elected in 1938, she became the first woman to serve in the Surinamese legislature. A controversial and abrasive figure, Schneiders-Howard was convinced of her own racial and social superiority, using her work with migrants and the poor to propel her own aims and views of how society should be organized. A pioneer woman in many fields, she was condemned by her opponents, who questioned her morals, her motivations and even her sanity. Her lasting impact was upon bringing improved sanitation of the country. (Full article...)

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The street Waterkant in Paramaribo

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Map of Suriname

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Largest cities or towns in Suriname
Rank Name District Pop.

Paramaribo

Lelydorp
1ParamariboParamaribo223 757
Nieuw Nickerie

Moengo
2LelydorpWanica18 223
3Nieuw NickerieNickerie13 143
4MoengoMarowijne7 074
5Nieuw AmsterdamCommewijne4 935
6MariënburgCommewijne4 427
7WageningenNickerie4 145
8AlbinaMarowijne3 985
9GroningenSaramacca3 216
10BrownswegBrokopondo2 696
  1. "Biggest Cities Suriname". www.geonames.org.

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    This article uses material from the Wikipedia article Portal:Suriname, and is written by contributors. Text is available under a CC BY-SA 4.0 International License; additional terms may apply. Images, videos and audio are available under their respective licenses.