Being transgender is distinct from sexual orientation. Transgender people may identify as heterosexual (straight), homosexual (gay), bisexual, asexual, or otherwise, or may decline to label their sexual orientation. The term transgender is also distinguished from intersex, a term that describes people born with physical sex characteristics "that do not fit typical binary notions of male or female bodies". The opposite of transgender is cisgender, which describes persons whose gender identity matches their assigned sex.
The degree to which individuals feel genuine, authentic, and comfortable within their external appearance and accept their genuine identity has been called transgender congruence. Many transgender people experience gender dysphoria, and some seek medical treatments such as hormone replacement therapy, sex reassignment surgery, or psychotherapy. Not all transgender people desire these treatments, and some cannot undergo them for financial or medical reasons.
Many transgender people face discrimination in the workplace and in accessing public accommodations and healthcare. In many places, they are not legally protected from discrimination. (Full article...)
Non-binary people may identify as having two or more genders (being bigender or trigender) having no gender (agender, nongendered, genderless, genderfree or neutrois); moving between genders or having a fluctuating gender identity (genderfluid); being third gender or other-gendered (a category that includes those who do not place a name to their gender).
A non-binary gender is not associated with a specific gender expression, such as androgyny. Non-binary people as a group have a wide variety of gender expressions, and some may reject gender "identities" altogether.
Having an opinion about transsexuality is about as useful as having an opinion on blindness. You can think whatever you like about it, but in the end, your friend is still blind and surely deserves to see.
Image 1Bust of Elagabalus, Roman Emperor of the Severan dynasty who reigned from 218 to 222. Elagabalus' gender identity are the source of much controversy and debate. Because of accounts by contemporary historian Cassius Dio and others that Elagabalus wore women's clothing, preferred to be called a lady, and sought vaginoplasty, the emperor is considered by some historians to be an early transgender figure and one of the first on record as seeking sex reassignment surgery.
Image 2Ian Harvie, an American comedian and openly transgender man.
Image 3Atlas on laws concerning gender identity-expression by country or territory. Purple regions allow legal gender change, red regions have no legal gender change and the status in grey regions is unknown or ambiguous. Light purple regions require surgery to change gender and dark purple regions do not require surgery.