Portal:Ukraine

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Introduction

Ukraine (Ukrainian: Україна, romanized: Ukraina, pronounced [ʊkrɐˈjinɐ] (listen)) is a country in Eastern Europe. It is the second-largest country in Europe after Russia, which it borders to the east and north-east. Ukraine also shares borders with Belarus to the north; Poland, Slovakia, and Hungary to the west; Romania and Moldova to the south; and has a coastline along the Sea of Azov and the Black Sea. It spans an area of 603,628 km2 (233,062 sq mi), with a population of 41.4 million, and is the eighth-most populous country in Europe. The nation's capital and largest city is Kyiv.

The territory of modern Ukraine has been inhabited since 32,000 BC. During the Middle Ages, the area was a key centre of East Slavic culture, with the powerful state of Kievan Rus' forming the basis of Ukrainian identity. Following its fragmentation into several principalities in the 13th century and the devastation created by the Mongol invasion, the territorial unity collapsed and the area was contested, ruled, and divided by a variety of powers, including the Polish–Lithuanian Commonwealth, Austria-Hungary, the Ottoman Empire, and Tsardom of Russia. A Cossack Hetmanate emerged and prospered during the 17th and 18th centuries, but its territory was eventually split between Poland and the Russian Empire. In the aftermath of the Russian Revolution, a Ukrainian national movement for self-determination emerged, and the internationally recognized Ukrainian People's Republic was declared on 23 June 1917. After World War II, the western part of Ukraine merged into the Ukrainian Soviet Socialist Republic, and the whole country became a part of the Soviet Union. Ukraine gained its independence in 1991, following the dissolution of the Soviet Union. (Full article...)

Featured article

The front façade of the House With Chimaeras, a major Art Nouveau building, in the historic Pechersk neighborhood.

The House with Chimaeras is a major Art Nouveau building in Kiev (Kyiv), the capital of Ukraine. It was built in the period of 1901–1902 by noted architect Vladislav Gorodetsky, who was regarded as the Gaudí of Kiev.

The building derives its popular name from its ornate decorations depicting various scenes of exotic animals and hunting scenes, as Gorodetsky was an avid hunter. It is situated on No. 10, Bankova Street, across from the President of Ukraine's office in the historic Pechersk neighborhood. Since 2005 it has been used as a presidential residence for official and diplomatic ceremonies.

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Did you know...

Featured at Did you know section at the Wikipedia's Main Page

  • ...that during the Shuliavka worker's uprising of 1905, groups of 150 armed men patrolled the streets of the Shuliavka neighborhood in Kiev to clean the area of any resistors to their movement?
  • ...that Vasyl Krychevsky, a Ukrainian artist, designed the state emblem of the Ukrainian National Republic at the request of Mykhailo Hrushevskyi?
  • ...that the Emperor of Russia, Alexander III bought the art of Ukrainian realist painter Vladimir Orlovsky?
  • ...that Swedish-Ukrainian relations have long traditions and that the Swedish king Charles XII was named protector of Ukraine in the first Ukrainian constitution of 1710 and that Hetman Pylyp Orlyk lived in Sweden 1716–1720?
  • ...that the Russian composers Peter Tchaikovsky, Nikolai Rimsky-Korsakov and Serge Rachmaninoff used Ukrainian folk melodies in their works?
  • ...that Polish-Ukrainian relations have been steadily improving since the fall of communism, and both countries now have a strong strategic relationship?
  • ...that the Ukrainian Baroque architecture is distinct from Western European Baroque in that its designs were more constructivist, had more moderate ornamentation, and were simpler in form?
  • ...that according to Ukrainian folklore, the girl who finds Chervona Ruta, "Red Rue" in Ukrainian, on the Ivan Kupala Day, will be happy in love?
  • ...that the 11th century Duke Yaropolk Izyaslavich is an Eastern Orthodox saint?
  • ...that in 1956, the Pidhirtsi Castle in Lviv Oblast, Ukraine. burned for three weeks costing US$12 million in damages?
  • ...that the Holy Trinity Church was the oldest church in Kamianets-Podilskyi, Ukraine, until it was destroyed by the Soviets in 1935?
  • Selected painting

    Konstiantyn Trutovsky. By the water well.

    By the water well Konstiantyn Trutovsky

    Konstiantyn Trutovsky was a Ukrainian realist painter and graphic artist. His artistic heritage includes numerous genre screens on Ukrainian themes. Trutovsky was interested in ethnography and depicted colorful Ukrainian folk customs, not shying away from "a dash of good humour".

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    History List of Ukrainian rulersEarly East SlavsKievan Rus'Mongol invasionHalych-VolyniaGrand Duchy of LithuaniaPolish-Lithuanian CommonwealthCossack eraImperial RussiaAustrian GaliciaUkrainian People's RepublicWestern Ukrainian RepublicUkrainian SSRIndependent Ukraine ...
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    Demographics Ukrainian languageUkrainiansUkrainian CensusRacism in UkraineRussian language in Ukraine...
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