Portland, Oregon

Portland (/ˈpɔːrtlənd/, PORT-lənd) is a port city in the Pacific Northwest and the largest city in the U.S. state of Oregon. Within Oregon it is the county seat of Multnomah County, the largest county in Oregon by population. It is also the twenty-sixth largest city by population in the United States. It is a port city in the Willamette Valley region of the Pacific Northwest, at the confluence of the Willamette and Columbia rivers in Northwestern Oregon. As of 2020, Portland had a population of 652,503,[9] making it the 26th-most populated city in the United States, the sixth-most populous on the West Coast, and the second-most populous in the Pacific Northwest, after Seattle.[10] Approximately 2.5 million people live in the Portland metropolitan statistical area (MSA), making it the 25th most populous in the United States. Its combined statistical area (CSA) ranks 19th-largest with a population of around 3.2 million. Approximately 47% of Oregon's population resides within the Portland metropolitan area.[lower-alpha 1]

Portland, Oregon
City of Portland
"Rose City"; "Stumptown"; "PDX"; see Nicknames of Portland, Oregon for a complete list.
Interactive map of Portland
Coordinates: 45°31′12″N 122°40′55″W
Country United States
State Oregon
Founded1845; 177 years ago (1845)
IncorporatedFebruary 8, 1851; 171 years ago (1851-02-08)
Named forPortland, Maine[1]
  MayorTed Wheeler[2] (D)
  AuditorMary Hull Caballero
  City144.98 sq mi (375.50 km2)
  Land133.42 sq mi (345.57 km2)
  Water11.56 sq mi (29.93 km2)
524.38 sq mi (1,358.1 km2)
50 ft (15.2 m)
Highest elevation1,188 ft (362 m)
Lowest elevation0.62 ft (0.19 m)
  Rank26th in the United States
1st in Oregon
  Density4,890.59/sq mi (1,888.19/km2)
  Metro2,511,612 (25th)
Time zoneUTC−08:00 (PST)
  Summer (DST)UTC−07:00 (PDT)
ZIP Codes
Area codes503 and 971
FIPS code41-59000
GNIS feature ID1136645[8]

Named after Portland, Maine,[11] the Oregon settlement began to be populated in the 1830s, near the end of the Oregon Trail. Its water access provided convenient transportation of goods, and the timber industry was a major force in the city's early economy. At the turn of the 20th century, the city had a reputation as one of the most dangerous port cities in the world, a hub for organized crime and racketeering. After the city's economy experienced an industrial boom during World War II, its hard-edged reputation began to dissipate. Beginning in the 1960s,[12] Portland became noted for its growing progressive political values, earning it a reputation as a bastion of counter-culture.[13]

The city operates with a commission-based government, guided by a mayor and four commissioners, as well as Metro, the only directly elected metropolitan planning organization in the United States.[14] Its climate is marked by warm, dry summers and cool, rainy winters. This climate is ideal for growing roses, and Portland has been called the "City of Roses" for over a century.[15]

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