Constitution of Portugal

The present Constitution of Portugal was adopted in 1976 after the Carnation Revolution.[1] It was preceded by a number of constitutions including the first one created in 1822 (following the Liberal Revolution of 1820),[2] 1826 (drawn up by King Dom Pedro IV),[3] 1838 (after the Liberal Wars),[4] 1911 (following the 5 October 1910 revolution),[5] and 1933 (after the 28 May 1926 coup d'état).[6]

Constitution of the Portuguese Republic
JurisdictionPortugal
Ratified2 April 1976
Date effective25 April 1976
SystemSemi-presidential
Branches4
Head of statePresident with significant reserve powers
ChambersUnicameral (Assembly of the Republic)
ExecutiveGovernment, headed by a Prime Minister
JudiciaryConstitutional Court, Supreme Court of Justice and lower general courts, Supreme Administrative Court and lower administrative courts and Court of Auditors
FederalismUnitary state, but the outermost archipelagoes enjoy self-government
Electoral collegeNo
Entrenchments15 (14 material ones and a circumstantial one)
First legislature3 June 1976
First executive23 July 1976
Amendments7
Last amended2005
Author(s)Constituent Assembly of Portugal
SignatoriesHenrique de Barros and Francisco da Costa Gomes
SupersedesPortuguese Constitution of 1933
Full text
Constitution of the Portuguese Republic at Wikisource


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