Portuguese people

The Portuguese people (Portuguese: Portugueses) are a Romance nation and ethnic group indigenous to Portugal who share a common culture, ancestry and language.[56][57][58] The Portuguese people's heritage largely derives from the pre-Celts, Proto-Celts (Lusitanians, Conii)[59][60][61] and Celts (Gallaecians, Turduli and Celtici),[62][63][64] who were Romanized after the conquest of the region by the ancient Romans.[65][66] A small number of male lineages descend from Germanic tribes who arrived after the Roman period as ruling elites, including the Suebi, Buri, Hasdingi Vandals, Visigoths with the highest incidence occurring in northern and central Portugal.[67][68][69] The pastoral Caucasus' Alans left small traces in a few central-southern areas.[70][71][72][73] Finally, the Umayyad conquest of Iberia also left small Jewish, Moorish and Saqaliba genetic contributions, particularly in the south of the country.[74][75][65][66]

Portuguese people
Portugueses
Total population
c.60 million[a][1][2][3][4][5]
Regions with significant populations
 Portugal 10,347,892 (Portuguese nationals 93.6%)[6]
 Brazilc. 10,800,000 (includes Portuguese nationals and their descendants down to the third generation; excludes more distant ancestry)[1]
 France1,720,000–3,000,000 (Portuguese born & ancestry)[7][8]
 United States1,471,549 (Portuguese ancestry)
 Venezuela1,300,000 (ancestry)[9][10]
(additional 55,441 Portuguese born)[11][12][13]
 Canada550,000 (Portuguese ancestry)[14]
 Angola500,000[15]
 South Africa450,000[16]
  Switzerland439,342[17][18][19]
 United Kingdom166,000–400,000[20] [21]
 Germany229,391[22]
 Spain176,122[23]
 Macau153,615
 Luxembourg149,215
 India80,654 [24]
 Belgium75,788[25]
 Australia61,885[26]
 Mozambique41,492[27]
 Sri Lanka40,000 (Burgher)[28]
 Argentina40,000[29][30]
 Malaysia37,000 (Kristang)[31][32]
 Netherlands34,118[33]
 Cape Verde22,318 (ancestry)[8]
 East Timor19,268[34]
 Singapore17,000[35]
 Bermuda16,300 (ancestry)[36]
(1,643 Portuguese born)[11][37] [38]
 Andorra15,955[39]
 Guinea-Bissau10,314[40]
 Jersey9,739[41]
 Norway9,000 [42]
 Ireland8,570[43]
 Italy8,051[44]
 Saudi Arabia7,971[45]
 Austria6,854[46]
 Russia4,945[47]
 Namibia4,783[48]
 São Tomé and Príncipe4,705[49]
 Sweden4,478[50]
 United Arab Emirates4,000[51]
 Denmark3,656[52]
 Turkey3,520[53]
 Gibraltar3,500
Languages
Portuguese
Religion
Predominantly Roman Catholic[54][55]
Related ethnic groups
Other Romance peoples and Lusophones

^a Total number of ethnic Portuguese varies wildly based on the definition.

The Roman Republic conquered the Iberian Peninsula during the 2nd and 1st centuries B.C. from the extensive maritime empire of Carthage during the series of Punic Wars. As a result of Roman colonization, the Portuguese language stems primarily from Vulgar Latin. Due to the large historical extent from the 16th century of the Portuguese Empire and the subsequent colonization of territories in Asia, Africa and the Americas, as well as historical and recent emigration, Portuguese communities can be found in many diverse regions around the globe, and a significant Portuguese diaspora exists.

Portuguese people began an Age of Exploration which started in 1415 with the conquest of Ceuta and culminated in an empire with territories that are now part of over 50 countries. The Portuguese Empire lasted nearly 600 years, seeing its end when Macau was returned to China in 1999. The discovery of several lands unknown to Europeans in the Americas, Africa, Asia and Oceania (southwest Pacific Ocean), forged the Portuguese Empire described as the first global maritime and commercial empire, becoming one of the world's major economic, political and military powers in the 15th and 16th centuries.[76][77][78] Portugal paved the way to the subsequent domination of Western civilization by other neighbouring European nations.[79][80][81][78]


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