Prüm Convention


The Prüm Convention (inaccurately[1] known as Schengen III Agreement)[2] is a treaty which was signed on 27 May 2005 by Austria, Belgium, France, Germany, Luxembourg, the Netherlands and Spain in the town of Prüm in Germany, and which is open to all members of the European Union, 14 of which are currently parties.

Prüm Convention
  Parties to the Prüm Convention and Prüm Decision participants
  Other Prüm Decision participants
  non-EU member states which have signed an agreement to participate
TypeIntergovernmental agreement
Signed27 May 2005
LocationPrüm, Germany
Effective1 November 2006
Condition2 ratifications
Parties14
DepositaryMinistry of Foreign Affairs of the Federal Republic of Germany
LanguagesGerman, Spanish, French and Dutch (original)
Prüm Convention at Wikisource
This article is part of a series on the
politics and government of
the European Union
European Union portal

The treaty was based on an initiative by the then German Minister Otto Schily from mid-2003.[3] Core elements of the convention were picked up by EU Council Decision 2008/615/JHA on 23 June 2008 on the stepping up of cross-border cooperation, particularly in combating terrorism and cross-border crime.[4][5]

The full name of the treaty is Convention between the Kingdom of Belgium, the Federal Republic of Germany, the Kingdom of Spain, the French Republic, the Grand Duchy of Luxembourg, the Kingdom of the Netherlands and the Republic of Austria on the stepping up of cross-border cooperation, particularly in combating terrorism, cross-border crime and illegal migration.

Contents of the Convention

The Convention was adopted so as to enable the signatories to exchange data regarding DNA, fingerprints and vehicle registration of concerned persons and to cooperate against terrorism. It also contains provisions for the deployment of armed sky marshals on flights between signatory states, joint police patrols, entry of (armed) police forces into the territory of another state for the prevention of immediate danger (hot pursuit), and cooperation in case of mass events or disasters. Furthermore, a police officer responsible for an operation in a state may, in principle, decide to what degree the police forces of the other states that were taking part in the operation could use their weapons or exercise other powers.

Relation to the European Union

The Convention was adopted outside of the European Union framework (and its mechanism of enhanced co-operation), but asserts that it is open for accession by any member state of the European Union and that:

provisions of this Convention shall only apply in so far as they are compatible with European Union law ... [EU law] should take precedence in applying the relevant provisions of this Convention

Convention on the stepping up of cross-border cooperation, particularly in combating terrorism, cross-border crime and illegal migration, Article 47

Additionally the text of the Convention and its annexes were circulated on 7 July 2005 between the delegations to the Council of the European Union.

Some of the Convention provisions, falling under the former third pillar of the EU, were later subsumed into the police and judicial cooperation provisions of European Union law by a 2008 Council Decision,[4][5] commonly referred to as the Prüm Decision. It provides for Law Enforcement Cooperation in criminal matters primarily related to exchange of fingerprint, DNA (both on a hit no-hit basis) and Vehicle owner registration (direct access via the EUCARIS system) data. The data exchange provisions are to be implemented in 2012. The remaining provisions of the Convention falling under the former third pillar are not yet adopted into EU law.

Parties to the convention

The states which have ratified the convention are:

Contracting party[6][7][8]Date of signature[6]Date of deposit of
instrument of ratification or accession[6]
Entry into force[6]
Austria27 May 200521 June 20061 November 2006
Belgium27 May 20055 February 20076 May 2007
Bulgaria-25 May 200923 August 2009
Estonia-23 September 200822 December 2008
Finland-19 March 200717 June 2007
France27 May 20052 October 200731 December 2007
Germany27 May 200525 August 200623 November 2006
Hungary-16 October 200714 January 2008
Luxembourg27 May 20058 February 20079 May 2007
Netherlands27 May 200520 February 200820 May 2008
Romania-3 December 20083 March 2009
Slovakia-27 February 200928 May 2009
Slovenia-10 May 20078 August 2007
Spain27 May 20053 August 20061 November 2006

Greece, Italy,[9] Portugal and Sweden, have notified the Council of the European Union of their desire to accede to the Prüm Convention.[10]

While the Decisions were originally applicable to all EU member states, the United Kingdom subsequently exercised their right to opt-out from them effective 1 December 2014.[11][12] However, the UK committed to assess their future participation and make a decision by 31 December 2015 on whether to rejoin the Decisions.[13] On 22 January 2016 the UK notified the EU of its desire to resume participating in the Prum Decisions, which was approved by the Commission on 20 May 2016.[14]

Norway and Iceland signed a treaty with the EU in 2009 to apply certain provisions of the Decisions.[15] Neither state has ratified the agreement as of 2015.[16] Denmark, Ireland and the United Kingdom have opt-outs from participating in the Council Decision approving the agreement. While Ireland and the United Kingdom decided to opt-in, the agreement does not apply to Denmark.[17] The Council of the European Union authorized the launch of negotiations with Switzerland and Liechtenstein on their participation in the Prum regime in June 2016.[18] Proposals to conclude agreements with each state were put forward by the European Commission in January 2019.[19][20][21][22][23] Ireland and the UK again opted to participate in the agreement.[24] The agreements were signed on 27 June 2019.[25][26]

References

  1. Select Committee on European Union Eighteenth Report CHAPTER 2: Background
  2. Christopher Walsch (July 2009). "Europeanization and Democracy: Negotiating the Prüm Treaty and the Schengen III Agreement". Croatian Political Science Review. 45 (5). Retrieved 29 August 2010.
  3. The Treaty of Prüm: A Replay of Schengen?
  4. "Council Decision 2008/615/JHA of 23 June 2008 on the stepping up of cross-border cooperation, particularly in combating terrorism and cross-border crime". Official Journal of the European Union. L (210). 2008-08-06. Retrieved 2019-01-05.
  5. "Council Decision 2008/616/JHA of 23 June 2008 on the implementation of Decision 2008/615/JHA on the stepping up of cross-border cooperation, particularly in combating terrorism and cross-border crime". Official Journal of the European Union. L (210): 12. 2008-08-06. Retrieved 2019-01-05.
  6. "Convention between the Kingdom of Belgium, the Federal Republic of Germany, the Kingdom of Spain, the French Republic, the Grand Duchy of Luxembourg, the Kingdom of the Netherlands and the Republic of Austria concerning the intensification of cross-border cooperation, particularly in the fight against terrorism, cross-border crime and illegal migration" (PDF). German Foreign Office. 2012-01-30. Retrieved 2012-04-14."Convention between the Kingdom of Belgium, the Federal Republic of Germany, the Kingdom of Spain, the French Republic, the Grand Duchy of Luxembourg, the Kingdom of the Netherlands and the Republic of Austria on the stepping up of cross-border cooperation, particularly in combating terrorism, cross-border crime and illegal migration (Prüm Convention) of 27 May 2005". German Foreign Office. Retrieved 2018-03-10.
    "Vertrag zwischen dem Königreich Belgien, der Bundesrepublik Deutschland, dem Königreich Spanien, der Französischen Republik, dem Großherzogtum Luxemburg, dem Königreich der Niederlande und der Republik Österreich über die Vertiefung der grenzüberschreitenden Zusammenarbeit, insbesondere zur Bekämpfung des Terrorismus, der grenz-überschreitenden Kriminalität und der illegalen Migration" (PDF) (in German). German Foreign Office. 2011-09-26. Retrieved 2014-05-03.
  7. "Treaty between the Kingdom of Belgium, the Federal Republic of Germany, the Kingdom of Spain, The French Republic, the Grand Duchy of Luxembourg, the Kingdom of the Netherlands and the Republic of Austria concerning the intensification of cross-border cooperation, particularly in the fight against terrorism, cross-border crime and illegal migration". UN Treaty database. 2009-09-04. Retrieved 2012-04-14.
  8. "Convention between the Kingdom of Belgium, the Federal Republic of Germany, the Kingdom of Spain, the French Republic, the Grand Duchy of Luxembourg, the Kingdom of the Netherlands and the Republic of Austria on the stepping up of cross-border cooperation, particularly in combating terrorism, cross-border crime and illegal migration". Dutch Ministry of Foreign Affairs. 2012-04-14. Retrieved 2012-04-14.
  9. "Adesione della Repubblica italiana al Trattato concluso il 27 maggio 2005 tra il Regno del Belgio, la Repubblica federale di Germania, il Regno di Spagna, la Repubblica francese, il Granducato di Lussemburgo, il Regno dei Paesi Bassi e la Repubblica d'Austria, relativo all'approfondimento della cooperazione transfrontaliera, in particolare allo scopo di contrastare il terrorismo, la criminalità transfrontaliera e la migrazione illegale (Trattato di Prum). Istituzione della banca dati nazionale del DNA e del laboratorio centrale per la banca dati nazionale del DNA. Delega al Governo per l'istituzione dei ruoli tecnici del Corpo di polizia penitenziaria. Modifiche al codice di procedura penale in materia di accertamenti tecnici idonei ad incidere sulla libertà personale". Italian Parliament. 2009-06-30. Retrieved 2018-09-02.
  10. "2807th Council Meeting: Justice and Home Affairs" (PDF). Council of the European Union. 2007-06-13. Retrieved 2012-04-14.
  11. "List of Union acts adopted before the entry into force of the Lisbon Treaty in the field of police cooperation and judicial cooperation in criminal matters which cease to apply to the United Kingdom as from 1 December 2014 pursuant to Article 10(4), second sentence, of Protocol (No 36) on transitional provisions". Official Journal of the European Union. C (430): 17. 2014-12-01. Retrieved 2019-01-05.
  12. Barker, Alex (2014-11-12). "Police to share DNA database with Europe's forces". Financial Times. Retrieved 2014-11-20.
  13. "Council Decision of 27 November 2014 determining certain consequential and transitional arrangements concerning the cessation of the participation of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland in certain acts of the Union in the field of police cooperation and judicial cooperation in criminal matters adopted before the entry into force of the Treaty of Lisbon". Official Journal of the European Union. L (343): 11. 2014-11-27. Retrieved 2014-11-28.
  14. "Commission Decision (EU) 2016/809 of 20 May 2016 on the notification by the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland of its wish to participate in certain acts of the Union in the field of police cooperation adopted before the entry into force of the Treaty of Lisbon and which are not part of the Schengen acquis". Official Journal of the European Union. L (132): 105. 2016-05-21. Retrieved 2016-07-04.
  15. "Summary of Treaty". European Commission. 2010-09-13. Retrieved 2012-04-14.
  16. "Agreement details". Council of the European Union. Retrieved 2012-04-14.
  17. "COUNCIL DECISION of 26 July 2010 on the conclusion of the Agreement between the European Union and Iceland and Norway on the application of certain provisions of Council Decision 2008/615/JHA on the stepping up of cross-border cooperation, particularly in combating terrorism and cross-border crime and Council Decision 2008/616/JHA on the implementation of Decision 2008/615/JHA on the stepping up of cross-border cooperation, particularly in combating terrorism and cross-border crime, and the Annex thereto". Official Journal of the European Union. L 238/1. 2010-09-09. Retrieved 2017-07-15.
  18. "OUTCOME OF THE COUNCIL MEETING - 3473rd Council meeting - Justice and Home Affairs". Council of the European Union. 2016-06-10. Retrieved 2016-07-04.
  19. "Proposal for a COUNCIL DECISION on the signing, on behalf of the European Union, and on the provisional application of certain provisions of the Agreement between the European Union and the Swiss Confederation on the application of certain provisions of Council Decision 2008/615/JHA on the stepping up of cross-border cooperation, particularly in combating terrorism and cross-border crime, of Council Decision 2008/616/JHA on the implementation of Decision 2008/615/JHA on the stepping up of cross-border cooperation, particularly in combating terrorism and cross-border crime, and the Annex thereto, and of Council Framework Decision 2009/905/JHA on accreditation of forensic service providers carrying out laboratory activities". European Commission. 2019-01-31. Retrieved 2019-02-09.
  20. "Proposal for a COUNCIL DECISION on the conclusion of the Agreement between the European Union and the Swiss Confederation on the application of certain provisions of Council Decision 2008/615/JHA on the stepping up of cross-border cooperation, particularly in combating terrorism and cross-border crime, of Council Decision 2008/616/JHA on the implementation of Decision 2008/615/JHA on the stepping up of cross-border cooperation, particularly in combating terrorism and cross-border crime, and the Annex thereto, and of Council Framework Decision 2009/905/JHA on accreditation of forensic service providers carrying out laboratory activities". European Commission. 2019-01-31. Retrieved 2019-02-09.
  21. "Proposal for a COUNCIL DECISION on the signing, on behalf of the European Union, and on the provisional application of certain provisions of the Agreement between the European Union and the Principality of Liechtenstein on the application of certain provisions of Council Decision 2008/615/JHA on the stepping up of cross-border cooperation, particularly in combating terrorism and cross-border crime, of Council Decision 2008/616/JHA on the implementation of Decision 2008/615/JHA on the stepping up of cross-border cooperation, particularly in combating terrorism and cross-border crime, and the Annex thereto, and of Council Framework Decision 2009/905/JHA on accreditation of forensic service providers carrying out laboratory activities". European Commission. 2019-01-31. Retrieved 2019-06-01.
  22. "Proposal for a COUNCIL DECISION on the conclusion of the Agreement between the European Union and the Principality of Liechtenstein on the application of certain provisions of Council Decision 2008/615/JHA on the stepping up of cross-border cooperation, particularly in combating terrorism and cross-border crime, of Council Decision 2008/616/JHA on the implementation of Decision 2008/615/JHA on the stepping up of cross-border cooperation, particularly in combating terrorism and cross-border crime, and the Annex thereto, and of Council Framework Decision 2009/905/JHA on accreditation of forensic service providers carrying out laboratory activities". European Commission. 2019-01-31. Retrieved 2019-06-01.
  23. "Police cooperation (Prüm Decision)". Federal Department of Foreign Affairs of Switzerland. Retrieved 2018-06-22.
  24. "UK opts in to EU Council Decisions allowing Switzerland and Liechtenstein third country access to Prüm:Written statement - HCWS1524". Parliament of the United Kingdom. 2017-04-25. Retrieved 2019-04-27.
  25. "Agreement details". Council of the European Union. Retrieved 2019-07-19.
  26. "Agreement details". Council of the European Union. Retrieved 2019-07-19.

See also