Prague (/prɑːɡ/ PRAHG; Czech: Praha [ˈpraɦa] (listen); German: Prag, pronounced [pʁaːk] (listen); Latin: Praga) is the capital and largest city in the Czech Republic,[8] and the historical capital of Bohemia. On the Vltava river, Prague is home to about 1.3 million people.[5] The city has a temperate oceanic climate, with relatively warm summers and chilly winters.

Praha (Czech)
"Praga Caput Rei publicae" (Latin)[1]
"Prague, Head of the Republic"
other historical mottos  
  • "Praga mater urbium" (Latin)
    "Praha matka měst" (Czech)[1]
    "Prague, Mother of Cities"
  • "Praga Caput Regni" (Latin)[2]
    "Prague, Head of the Kingdom"
Location within the Czech Republic
Location within Europe
Coordinates: 50°05′15″N 14°25′17″E
Country Czech Republic
Founded5th century
  MayorZdeněk Hřib (Pirates)
  Capital city496 km2 (192 sq mi)
298 km2 (115 sq mi)
11,425 km2 (4,411 sq mi)
Highest elevation
399 m (1,309 ft)
Lowest elevation
172 m (564 ft)
  Capital city1,275,406
  Density2,600/km2 (6,700/sq mi)
  Metro density237/km2 (610/sq mi)
Time zoneUTC+1 (CET)
  Summer (DST)UTC+2 (CEST)
Postal codes
100 00 – 199 00
ISO 3166 codeCZ-10
Vehicle registrationA, AA – AZ
GRP (nominal)[6]2019
 – Total€60 billion
 – Per capita€46,400
HDI (2019)0.968[7]very high · 1st

Prague is a political, cultural, and economic hub of central Europe, with a rich history and Romanesque, Gothic, Renaissance and Baroque architectures. It was the capital of the Kingdom of Bohemia and residence of several Holy Roman Emperors, most notably Charles IV (r. 1346–1378).[9]

It was an important city to the Habsburg monarchy and Austro-Hungarian Empire. The city played major roles in the Bohemian and the Protestant Reformations, the Thirty Years' War and in 20th-century history as the capital of Czechoslovakia between the World Wars and the post-war Communist era.[10]

Prague is home to a number of well-known cultural attractions, many of which survived the violence and destruction of 20th-century Europe. Main attractions include Prague Castle, Charles Bridge, Old Town Square with the Prague astronomical clock, the Jewish Quarter, Petřín hill and Vyšehrad. Since 1992, the historic center of Prague has been included in the UNESCO list of World Heritage Sites.

The city has more than ten major museums, along with numerous theaters, galleries, cinemas, and other historical exhibits. An extensive modern public transportation system connects the city. It is home to a wide range of public and private schools, including Charles University in Prague, the oldest university in Central Europe.[11]

Prague is classified as an "Alpha-" global city according to GaWC studies.[12] In 2019, the city was ranked as 69th most livable city in the world by Mercer.[13] In the same year, the PICSA Index ranked the city as 13th most livable city in the world.[14] Its rich history makes it a popular tourist destination and as of 2017, the city receives more than 8.5 million international visitors annually. In 2017, Prague was listed as the fifth most visited European city after London, Paris, Rome, and Istanbul.[15]

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