Prato

Prato (/ˈprɑːt/ PRAH-toh, Italian: [ˈpraːto] (listen)) is a city and comune in Tuscany, Italy, the capital of the Province of Prato. The city lies 17 kilometres north-west of Florence, at the foot of Monte Retaia, elevation 768 metres (2,520 ft), the last peak in the Calvana chain. With more than 195,000 inhabitants, Prato is Tuscany's second largest city (after Florence) and the third largest in Central Italy (after Rome and Florence).

Prato
Comune di Prato
Location of Prato
Prato
Location of Prato in Italy
Prato
Prato (Tuscany)
Coordinates: 43°52′48″N 11°05′54″E
CountryItaly
Region Tuscany
ProvincePrato (PO)
FrazioniSee list
Government
  MayorMatteo Biffoni
Area
  Total97.35 km2 (37.59 sq mi)
Elevation
65 m (213 ft)
Population
 (31 December 2019)[2]
  Total195,089
  Density2,000/km2 (5,200/sq mi)
Demonym(s)Pratese
Time zoneUTC+1 (CET)
  Summer (DST)UTC+2 (CEST)
Postal code
59100
Dialing code0574
Patron saintSt. Stephen
Saint day26 December
WebsiteOfficial website
Santa Maria delle Carceri church
Emperor's Castle
Piazza Duomo
Palazzo Pretorio
Contemporary Art Museum
Piazza San Francesco
Statue of Francesco Datini in front of the Palazzo Pretorio
Pulpit of Donatello

Historically, Prato's economy has been based on the textile industry. The renowned Datini archives are a significant collection of late medieval documents concerning economic and trade history, produced between 1363 and 1410.[3]

The city boasts important historical and artistic attractions, with a cultural span that started with the Etruscans and then expanded in the Middle Ages and reached its peak with the Renaissance, when artists such as Donatello, Filippo Lippi and Botticelli left their testimonies in the city. The famous cantucci, a type of biscotti invented in Prato during the Middle Ages, are still produced by local traditional bakers.