Precipitation (chemistry)

In an aqueous solution, precipitation is the process of transforming a dissolved substance into an insoluble solid from a super-saturated solution.[1][2] The solid formed is called the precipitate.[3] In case of an inorganic chemical reaction leading to precipitation, the chemical reagent causing the solid to form is called the precipitant.[4]

Principle of chemical precipitation in aqueous solution

The clear liquid remaining above the precipitated or the centrifuged solid phase is also called the 'supernate' or 'supernatant'.

The notion of precipitation can also be extended to other domains of chemistry (organic chemistry and biochemistry) and even be applied to the solid phases (e.g., metallurgy and alloys) when solid impurities segregate from a solid phase.

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