Premier of Victoria
The Premier of Victoria is the head of government in the Australian state of Victoria. The Premier is appointed by the governor of Victoria, and is the leader of the political party able to secure a majority in the Victorian Legislative Assembly.
|Premier of Victoria|
|Department of Premier and Cabinet|
|Status||Head of Government|
|Seat||1 Treasury Place, Melbourne|
|Appointer||Governor of Victoria|
by convention, based on appointee's ability to command confidence in the Legislative Assembly
|Term length||At the Governor's pleasure|
contingent on the premier's ability to command confidence in the lower house of Parliament
|Constituting instrument||None (constitutional convention)|
|Formation||30 November 1855|
|First holder||William Haines|
|Deputy||Deputy Premier of Victoria|
Responsible government came to the colony of Victoria in 1855. Between 1856 and 1892, the head of the government was commonly called the premier or the prime minister, but neither title had any legal basis. The head of government always held another portfolio, usually Chief Secretary or Treasurer, for which they were paid a salary. The first head of government to hold the title of premier without holding another portfolio was William Shiels in 1892.
Premiers of Victoria who have served for more than 3000 days have a statue installed at Treasury Place. Four Victorian premiers have been afforded this honour: Albert Dunstan, Henry Bolte, Rupert Hamer and John Cain Junior.