Premier of the People's Republic of China

The premier of the State Council of the People's Republic of China, sometimes also referred to informally as the "prime minister", is the head of the central government of China and is the holder of the highest rank in the Civil Service. This position replaced the role of premier of the Government Administration Council of the Central People's Government (Chinese: 中央人民政府政务院总理), which existed from 1949 to 1954.

Premier of the
State Council of the
People's Republic of China
中华人民共和国国务院总理
Zhōnghuá Rénmín Gònghéguó
Guówùyuàn Zǒnglǐ
Incumbent
Li Keqiang

since 15 March 2013
StyleMr. Premier (总理)
(formal)
His Excellency (阁下)
(in international correspondence)
TypeHead of the State Council
StatusHead of Government
Member ofParty Central Committee
Politburo Standing Committee
National Security Commission
State Council (cabinet)
Plenary Meeting of the State Council [zh]
Executive Meeting of the State Council [zh]
Reports toNational People's Congress and its Standing Committee
ResidenceZhongnanhai
SeatRegent Palace, Zhongnanhai, Beijing
NominatorPresident (1982–present)
the Party Central Committee
(1975–1982, president abolished)
AppointerPresident, according to the decision of the National People's Congress
Term lengthFive years
renewable once
Constituting instrumentConstitution of the People's Republic of China
PrecursorPresident of the Executive Yuan (in Mainland China)
Premier of the Government Administration Council of the Central People's Government
Inaugural holderZhou Enlai[note 1]
Formation27 September 1954 (State Council of the PRC)
1 October 1949 (Government Administration Council of the Central People's Government)
Unofficial namesPrime Minister of China
DeputyVice Premier
State Councillor
Salary¥152,121 RMB ($22,000 USD)[1]
WebsiteState Council
Premier of the State Council of the People's Republic of China
Simplified Chinese中华人民共和国国务院总理
Traditional Chinese中華人民共和國國務院總理
Literal meaningChinese People Republic State Affairs Court General Manager
Alternative Chinese name
Simplified Chinese国务院总理
Traditional Chinese國務院總理
Literal meaningState Affairs Court General Manager

The premier is formally approved by the National People's Congress upon the nomination of the president. In practice, the candidate is chosen within the Chinese Communist Party (CCP) through the same process that determines the composition of the CCP Central Politburo.[citation needed] Both the President and the Premier are selected once every five years. The premier is limited to two terms, but the president is not. The premier has always been a member of the powerful CCP Politburo Standing Committee.

The current premier is Li Keqiang, who took office on 15 March 2013. He succeeded Wen Jiabao.