Premier of the Soviet Union
The Premier of the Soviet Union (Russian: Глава Правительства СССР) was the head of government of the Union of Soviet Socialist Republics (USSR). The office had four different names throughout its existence: Chairman of the Council of People's Commissars (1923–1946), Chairman of the Council of Ministers (1946–1991), Prime Minister of the Soviet Union (January – August 1991) and Chairman of the Committee on the Operational Management of the Soviet Economy (August–December 1991). Long before 1991 most non-Soviet sources referred to the post as "Premier" or "Prime Minister."
|Premier of the Soviet Union
Глава Правительства СССР
|Type||Head of government|
|Reports to||The Supreme Soviet|
|Residence||Kremlin Senate, Moscow|
|Appointer||the Supreme Soviet|
|Formation||6 July 1923|
|First holder||Vladimir Lenin|
|Final holder||Ivan Silayev|
|Abolished||26 December 1991|
|Succession||Prime Minister of the Russian Federation|
|Deputy||The First Deputy Premier|
Twelve individuals held the post. Of these two died in office of natural causes (Vladimir Lenin and Joseph Stalin), three resigned – Alexei Kosygin, Nikolai Tikhonov and Ivan Silayev – and three were concurrently party leader and head of government (Lenin, Stalin and Nikita Khrushchev). By this account Ivan Silayev spent the briefest time in office at 119 days. At more than 16 years, Kosygin spent the longest time in office.