President of Finland

The president of the Republic of Finland (Finnish: Suomen tasavallan presidentti, Swedish: Republiken Finlands president) is the head of state of Finland. Under the Constitution of Finland, executive power is vested in the Finnish Government and the president, with the latter possessing only residual powers. The president is directly elected by universal suffrage for a term of six years. Since 1994, no president may be elected for more than two consecutive terms. The president must be a native-born Finnish citizen. The presidential office was established in the Constitution Act of 1919. The current president is Sauli Niinistö. He was elected for the first time in 2012 and was re-elected in 2018.[2][3]

President of the Republic of Finland
Suomen tasavallan presidentti
Republiken Finlands president
Presidential Standard
Sauli Niinistö

since 1 March 2012
Residence Presidential Palace (ceremonial)
Mäntyniemi (residential)
Kultaranta (summer residence)
AppointerPopular vote
Term lengthSix years
renewable once, consecutively
Inaugural holderKaarlo Juho Ståhlberg
26 July 1919
FormationConstitution of Finland
Salary126,000 annually[1]
WebsitePresident of the Republic of Finland

Finland has, for most of its independence, had a semi-presidential system in which the president had much authority and power over both foreign and domestic policy, but in the late 20th and early 21st centuries, the powers of the president have been subject to decrease. In constitutional amendments, which came into effect in 1991, 2000, and 2012, the president's powers have been reduced. The president still leads the nation's foreign politics in conjunction with the Government, and is the commander-in-chief of the Finnish Defence Forces.