President of Finland
The president of the Republic of Finland (Finnish: Suomen tasavallan presidentti, Swedish: Republiken Finlands president) is the head of state of Finland. Under the Constitution of Finland, executive power is vested in the Finnish Government and the president, with the latter possessing only residual powers. The president is directly elected by universal suffrage for a term of six years. Since 1994, no president may be elected for more than two consecutive terms. The president must be a native-born Finnish citizen. The presidential office was established in the Constitution Act of 1919. The current president is Sauli Niinistö. He was elected for the first time in 2012 and was re-elected in 2018.
|President of the Republic of Finland|
Suomen tasavallan presidentti
Republiken Finlands president
|Residence|| Presidential Palace (ceremonial)|
Kultaranta (summer residence)
|Term length||Six years|
renewable once, consecutively
|Inaugural holder||Kaarlo Juho Ståhlberg|
26 July 1919
|Formation||Constitution of Finland|
|Salary||126,000 € annually|
|Website||President of the Republic of Finland|
Finland has, for most of its independence, had a semi-presidential system in which the president had much authority and power over both foreign and domestic policy, but in the late 20th and early 21st centuries, the powers of the president have been subject to decrease. In constitutional amendments, which came into effect in 1991, 2000, and 2012, the president's powers have been reduced. The president still leads the nation's foreign politics in conjunction with the Government, and is the commander-in-chief of the Finnish Defence Forces.