President of Pakistan
The president of Pakistan (Urdu: صدر مملکت اسلامی جمہوریہ پاکستان, Sadr-e-Mumlikat Islāmī Jumhūriyah Pākistān), is the ceremonial head of state of Pakistan and the Commander-in-Chief of Pakistan Armed Forces. The post was created when Pakistan became a republic on 23 March 1956. Until 1956, Pakistan was a dominion within the Commonwealth of Nations with Queen Elizabeth II as the head of state and Queen of Pakistan.
|President of the Islamic Republic of Pakistan|
|صدر مملکت اسلامی جمہوریہ پاکستان|
Mr. President (informal)
|Type||Head of State|
|Term length||Five years|
|Constituting instrument||Constitution of Pakistan of 1956|
|Precursor||Queen of Pakistan|
|Inaugural holder||Iskandar Mirza|
|Formation||23 March 1956|
|Salary||PKR 846,550 per month|
|Website||President of Pakistan|
The President is kept informed by the Prime minister of Pakistan on all matters of internal and foreign policy, as well as all legislative proposals. The Constitution vests the President with the powers of granting pardons, reprieves, and the control of the military; however, all appointments at higher commands of the military must be made by the President on a "required and necessary" basis, upon consultation and approval from the Prime minister. In addition, the Constitution prohibits the president from exercising the authority of running the government.
The President of Pakistan is indirectly elected by the Electoral College for a five-year term. The Constitution requires the president to be a "Muslim of not less than forty-five (45) years of age". The President resides in an estate in Islamabad known as Aiwan-e-Sadar (Presidential Palace). In the absence of the President, the Chairman of the Senate exercises the responsibilities of the post, until the actual President resumes office, or the next officeholder is elected.
There have been a total of 13 people who have held the office of President. The first one was Iskander Ali Mirza, who entered office on 23 March 1956 after the post was created when Pakistan became an Islamic Republic. The current officeholder is Arif Alvi, who took charge on 9 September 2018, following his victory in the 2018 Presidential elections.