President of Portugal

The president of the Portuguese Republic (Portuguese: Presidente da República Portuguesa, pronounced [pɾɨziˈðẽtɨ ðɐ ʁɛˈpuβlikɐ puɾtuˈɣezɐ]) is the head of state of Portugal.

President of the Portuguese Republic
Presidente da República Portuguesa
Marcelo Rebelo de Sousa

since 9 March 2016 (2016-03-09)
StyleHis/Her Excellency[1]
TypeHead of state
Member ofCouncil of State
Superior Council of National Defense
ResidenceBelém Palace
SeatLisbon, Portugal
AppointerDirect election;
Two-round system, universal suffrage
Term lengthFive years;
Renewable once, consecutively.
Constituting instrumentConstitution of the
Third Republic
PrecursorKing/Queen of Portugal
Formation5 October 1910; 110 years ago (1910-10-05)
First holderManuel de Arriaga
Salary93,364.74 (2015)

The powers, functions and duties of prior presidential offices, and their relation with the prime minister and cabinets have over time differed with the various Portuguese constitutions. Currently, in the Third Republic, a semi-presidential system, the President holds no direct executive power, but is more than a merely ceremonial figure as is typically the case with parliamentary systems: one of his most significant responsibilities is the promulgation of all laws enacted by Parliament or Government (an act without which such laws have no legal validity), with an alternative option to veto them (although this veto can be overcome in the case of laws approved by Parliament) or send them to the Constitutional Court for appreciation of whether they violate the Constitution. This and other abilities imply that the President of Portugal does not fit clearly into either of the three traditional powers – legislative, executive and judicial –, acting instead as a sort of "moderating power" among the traditional three.[3]

The current president of Portugal is Marcelo Rebelo de Sousa, who took office on 9 March 2016.