President of Russia

The president of the Russian Federation (Russian: Президент Российской Федерации, tr. Prezident Rossiyskoy Federatsii), is the head of state of the Russian Federation, as well as the commander-in-chief of the Russian Armed Forces. It is the highest office in Russia.

President of the Russian Federation
Президент Российской Федерации
Seal of the President
Presidential standard
Vladimir Putin

since 7 May 2012
Executive branch in Russian Politics
Presidential Administration of Russia
StyleMr. President
Comrade Supreme

(in the military)
His Excellency[1]
TypeHead of state
AbbreviationPORF, POR
Member ofState Council
Security Council
Supreme Eurasian Economic Council
ResidenceMoscow Kremlin
SeatKremlin Senate
Moscow Kremlin
NominatorPolitical parties or self-nomination
AppointerDirect popular vote
Term lengthSix years,
renewable once
Constituting instrumentConstitution of Russia
PrecursorChairman of the Presidium of the Supreme Soviet of the Russian SFSR
President of the Soviet Union
  • Passage of presidency law:
    24 April 1991[2]
  • Constitutional amendments:
    24 May 1991[3]
  • First inauguration:
    10 July 1991
  • Modern status defined:
    12 December 1993
First holderBoris Yeltsin
DeputyPrime Minister of Russia
Salary₽8,885,886 RUB ($136,000 USD) annually[4]
Websiteпрезидент.рф (in Russian) (in English)

In 1991, the office was briefly known as the president of the Russian Soviet Federative Socialist Republic until 25 December 1991. According to the 1978 Russian Constitution, the president of Russia was head of the executive branch and headed the Council of Ministers of Russia. According to the current 1993 Constitution of Russia, the president of Russia is not a part of the Government of Russia, which exercises executive power.[5]

In all cases where the president of the Russian Federation is unable to fulfill their duties, they shall be temporarily delegated to the prime minister of Russia, who becomes acting president of Russia.[6]

The power includes execution of federal law, alongside the responsibility of appointing federal ministers, diplomatic, regulatory and judicial officers, and concluding treaties with foreign powers with the advice and consent of the State Duma and the Federation Council. The president is further empowered to grant federal pardons and reprieves, and to convene and adjourn the Federal Assembly under extraordinary circumstances. The president also directs the foreign and domestic policy of the Russian Federation.

The president is elected directly through a popular vote to a six-year term. The law prohibits anyone from ever being elected to the presidency for a third consecutive term. In all, three individuals have served four presidencies spanning six full terms. In May 2012, Vladimir Putin became the fourth president; he was re-elected in March 2018 and inaugurated in May to a six-year term.