President of South Africa
The president of the Republic of South Africa is the head of state and head of government of the Republic of South Africa. The president directs the executive branch of the government and is the commander-in-chief of the South African National Defence Force.
|President of the|
Republic of South Africa
10 other official names:
|Type||Head of state|
Head of government
|Residence||Mahlamba Ndlopfu (Pretoria)|
Genadendal (Cape Town)
Dr. John L. Dube House (Durban)
|Appointer||National Assembly of South Africa|
|Term length||5 years|
|Formation||10 May 1994|
|First holder||Nelson Mandela|
|Deputy||Deputy President of South Africa|
|Salary||R 3,900,000 ($ 265,020) annually|
|South Africa portal|
From 1961–94, the head of state was called the state president.
The president is elected by the National Assembly, the lower house of Parliament, and is usually the leader of the largest party, which has been the African National Congress since the first multiracial election was held on 27 April 1994. The Constitution limits the president's time in office to two five-year terms. The first president to be elected under the new constitution was Nelson Mandela. The incumbent is Cyril Ramaphosa, who was elected by the National Assembly on 15 February 2018 following the resignation of Jacob Zuma.
Under the interim constitution (valid from 1994–96), there was a Government of National Unity, in which a member of Parliament (MP) from the largest opposition party was entitled to a position as deputy president. Along with Thabo Mbeki, the last state president, F. W. de Klerk also served as deputy president, in his capacity as the leader of the National Party which was the second-largest party in the new Parliament. But De Klerk later resigned and went into opposition with his party. A voluntary coalition government continues to exist under the new constitution (adopted in 1996), although there have been no appointments of opposition politicians to the post of deputy president since.
The president is required to be a member of the National Assembly at the time of his election. Upon his election, he immediately resigns his seat for the duration of his term. The president may be removed either by a motion of no-confidence or an impeachment trial.