Pretoria (Afrikaans: [prəˈtʊəria] (listen)) is one of South Africa's three capital cities,[5] serving as the seat of the executive branch of government, and as the host to all foreign embassies to South Africa.[5] Cape Town is the legislative capital whereas Bloemfontein is the judicial capital.[6]

Clockwise from top left: Pretoria CBD skyline, Voortrekker Monument, Church Square, the Palace of Justice, Loftus Versfeld Stadium, Administration Building of the University of Pretoria and Front view of the Union Buildings.
Jacaranda City
Præstantia Prævaleat Prætoria (May Pretoria Be Pre-eminent In Excellence)
Coordinates: 25°44′46″S 28°11′17″E
CountrySouth Africa
MunicipalityCity of Tshwane
Established18 November 1855; 166 years ago (1855-11-18)
Founded byMarthinus Wessel Pretorius
Named forAndries Pretorius
  TypeMetropolitan municipality
  MayorRandall Williams (DA)
  Capital city (executive branch)687.54 km2 (265.46 sq mi)
6,297.83 km2 (2,431.61 sq mi)
1,339 m (4,393 ft)
  Capital city (executive branch)741,651
  Density1,100/km2 (2,800/sq mi)
  Metro density460/km2 (1,200/sq mi)
Racial makeup (2011)
  Black African41.95%
First languages (2011)
  Northern Sotho8.02%
Time zoneUTC+2 (SAST)
Postal code (street)
PO box
Area code012
HDI 0.75 High (2012)[3]
GDPUS$ 75.6 billion[4]
GDP per capitaUS$ 23,108[4]

Pretoria straddles the Apies River and extends eastward into the foothills of the Magaliesberg mountains. It has a reputation as an academic city and center of research, being home to the Tshwane University of Technology (TUT), the University of Pretoria (UP), the University of South Africa (UNISA), the Council for Scientific and Industrial Research (CSIR), and the Human Sciences Research Council. It also hosts the National Research Foundation and the South African Bureau of Standards. Pretoria was one of the host cities of the 2010 FIFA World Cup.

Pretoria is the central part of the Tshwane Metropolitan Municipality which was formed by the amalgamation of several former local authorities, including Bronkhorstspruit, Centurion, Cullinan, Hammanskraal and Soshanguve. Some have proposed changing the official name from Pretoria to Tshwane, which has caused some public controversy.

Pretoria is named after the Voortrekker leader Andries Pretorius,[7] and South Africans sometimes call it the "Jacaranda City",[8] because of the thousands of jacaranda trees planted along its streets and in its parks and gardens.[9]

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