Prime Minister of Japan

The prime minister of Japan (日本国内閣総理大臣, Nihon-koku naikaku sōridaijin, or shushō (首相)) (informally referred to as the PMOJ) is the head of government of Japan, the chief executive of the National Cabinet and the commander-in-chief of the Japanese Armed Forces; he is appointed by the emperor of Japan after being designated by the National Diet and must enjoy the confidence of the House of Representatives to remain in office. He is the head of the Cabinet and appoints and dismisses the other ministers of state. The literal translation of the Japanese name for the office is Minister for the Comprehensive Administration of (or the Presidency over) the Cabinet.

Prime Minister of Japan
The Seal & Standard of the Prime Minister of Japan
Executive Branch of the Japanese Government
Office of the Prime Minister
StatusHead of Government
Member ofCabinet
National Security Council
National Diet
SeatTokyo, Japan
NominatorNational Diet
AppointerThe Emperor
since 1 May 2019)
The monarch invites the designated prime minister confirmed by the Diet to form a government
Term lengthFour years or fewer, renewable indefinitely.[lower-alpha 1]
Constituting instrumentConstitution of Japan
PrecursorShogun of Japan
Inaugural holderItō Hirobumi
Formation22 December 1885 (1885-12-22)
(135 years, 9 months ago)
DeputyDeputy Prime Minister of Japan
Salary¥ 40,490,000 ($450,152.42) annually[1]

The current prime minister of Japan is Yoshihide Suga. On 14 September 2020, he was elected to the presidency of the governing Liberal Democratic Party (LDP). After being confirmed in the Diet, he received an invitation from Emperor Naruhito to form a government as the new prime minister, and took office on 16 September 2020, replacing Shinzō Abe who resigned for health reasons.[2] Suga announced on 3 September 2021 that he would not seek reelection as President of the LDP, which will effectively end his term as Prime Minister after just one year.[3] [4]